Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Hiena. cap. 61.

HIena is a cruell beast lyke to the Woulfe in deuouring and gluttony, and réeseth on dead men, and taketh their sarcasse out of the earth and deuoureth thē. And therfore hath ye name Hiena, of Niando, for desire he réeseth to his praye with open mouth and voyce. It is his kinde to chaunge Sexus, for he is nowe found male and now female, and is ther∣fore an vncleane beast, as Isidore sayth, and commeth to houses by night, and sei∣neth mannes voyce as hée maye, for men should thinke that it is a man. Libro. 8. cap. 30. Plinius speaketh of this Beast, and sayth, that in Hiena is eyther kinde, for it is sayd, he is one yéere mal••e ano∣ther yéere female. And she bringeth furth∣her Page  369 broode without male, as the common people suppose. And Aristotle denieth that. And hath the necke of the adder Vi∣pera, and the ridge of an Elephaunt, and may not bend but if he beare all the bo∣dy about. And heards tel that among sta∣bles be seyneth speach of mankinde, and calleth some man by his owne name, & renteth him when he hath him without, and he feineth oft the name of some man, for to make bounds run out, that he may take & eat them: And this beast hath end∣lesse many manners & diuerse colours in the eyen, & full moueable eyen & vnsted∣fast, and his shadowe maketh houndes leaue backing & be still, if he come neere them: and if this beast Hiena goeth thrice about anye beast, that beast shall stint within his steps. And this beast gende∣reth with a Lyonesse of Aethiopia, and gendereth on her a beast that is most cruell, & followeth the voice of men & of tame beasts, & hath many rowes of téeth in euery side of the mouth. In Affrica be many Hienas, & manye wilde Asses and Fibres, & many other beasts wonderfully shapen. As Plinius sayth, this beast Hie∣na bréedeth a stone that is called Hiena: and what man that beareth it vnder his tongue, he shal by vertue of that stone de∣uine and tell what shall befall, as Soly∣nus sayth.* Also libr. 28. Plinius sayth, that Hiena hateth the Pantera. And it is sayd, that if both theyr skinnes bee han∣ged togethers, the haire of the Panthe∣res skinne shall fall awaye. This beast Hyena flyeth the hunter, and draweth to∣warde the right side, to occupy the trace of the man that goeth before: and if hée commeth not after, he telleth that he go∣eth out of his wit, or els the man falleth down of his horse: and if he turne against the Hiena, ye beast is soone taken, as Ma∣gitians tell. Also as he sayth, this beasts gall is full medicinall, and helpeth most against dimnesse of eien: and also witches vse the heart of this beast and the licour in many witchcrafts, as it is sayd there. And Aristo. li. 7. sayth, that the quantity of Hiena is as the quantity of a Wolfe, & in his neck is haire, as in the necke of an horse, & hath haire vpon all the length of the ridge, and bequileth and deceiueth men, & rauisheth and stealeth them, and taketh houndes and deuoureth them, as gladly as men, and diggeth burialls and graues, & eateth the flesh of dead bodyes that be in them.

(*Of this Hyena Plinie maketh men∣tion in his 8. booke. chap. 30. A beast lyke a Woulfe, with a mane like an Horse, which comming in the night vnto shep∣heards houses, will counterfeit mannes voyce, & by harkning learne ones name, and call him forth to the end to deuoure him. Gesner is doubtfull whether there be any such beast, yet hath he set downe, from other Authors.)