Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Faunis & Satiris. ca. 48.

CErteine beastes bée called Fauni and Satiri also, and be meruaylous beasts wonderouslye shapen, hauing the lyke∣nesse and also shape of mankinde, but they bée not full perfect of reason of man∣kinde, nor indued perfectly with natural wit. And so they be not taught to speake by craft nor by kinde, but they haue bea∣stiall wit, & be stubburne and cruell with beastiall appetite, & such beasts be full le∣cherous, insomuch that they slay women in the déede of lecherie, if they take them walking in woods, and be called Satiri, for they may not haue inough of leche∣ry, as Isid. saith, and though such beasts vse not reason of mankinde, yet they bée like to mankinde in voice and in manye déeds, as Isi. saith, li. 11. de Protentis. And there he sayth, that Satiri be somewhat like men, & haue crooked noses, & hornes in the forehead, and like to Goats in their feete. Saint Anthony saw such a one in the wildernesse, as it is said, & he of ked what he was, and he answered Antho∣nie, & said, I am deadly, and one of them that dwelleth in wildernesse: and misbe∣léeued nations deceiued by diuers errors worship such beasts that bée called Fau∣ni, Satiri, and Incubi. Satyri be called Fauni and Fatui also, & some thinke, that they be wilde men, as Isidore sayeth in eodem cap. and these wonderfull beasts be diuerse, for some of them be called Ce∣nophali, for they haue heads as hounds, and séeme by the working beasts rather then men, and some be called Ciclopes, and haue that name, for one of them hath but one eie, and that in the middle of the forehead, and some be all headlesse and noselesse, & their eien be in the shoulders, and some haue plaine faces without nose∣thrilles, and the neather lippes of them stretch so, that they heele therewith their Page  366 faces when they be in the heate of the Sun, & some of them haue closed mouths in their breasts onely one hole, & breath and sucke as it were with pipes and veines, & these be accounted tonguelesse, and vse signes and becks in steed of spea∣king. Also in Scithia bée some with so great and large eares, that they spreade theyr eares and couer all their bodyes with them. And these be called Panchi∣os, Pan is Gréeke, and is to vnderstande all. And an eare is called Ochi in gréeke, and some be in Aethiopia, and goe stou∣ping looking to the ground - warde as beasts, and may not reare themselues vp∣right, and these be called Arabice, & other be in Aethiopia, and each of them haue onely one foote so great and large, yt they shadow themselues with the foote when they lye gaping on ye grounde in strong heat of the Sun, and yet they be so swift yt they be likned to hounds in swiftnesse of running, & therfore among the Gréeks they be called Synodopes. Also some haue the soles of theyr féet turned back∣ward behinde the legges, and in each foot 8. toes, and such goe about and stare in the desarts of Libia. Also; in Scithia bée beasts with shape of men and féet of hor∣ses, and such wonderfull beasts be called Lamine among many men, as Paschasi∣us sayth super Trenos. Isidore reckoneth many other such beasts wonderfully sha∣pen, lib. 11. and hée gathereth and taketh all of Plinius libro. 6. &. 7. and also of Solinus.

(*Fauni were named of the Poets, Rusticall Gods, and monstrous beasts, lyke vnto men, and Fanesij, people in the North part of the world, whose eares be so great, that with them they couer all theyr bodies.)