Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Poledro. ca. 41.

A Colte is called Poledrus, and Pul∣lus equinus, also: and is a Mares sonne, and hath that name while he suc∣keth. And li. 7. Arist. saith, that in his forhead when he is foaled, is found Ico∣nemor, that is called also, Amoris vene∣ficium, and the Mare licketh it off with hir tongue, and taketh it away, and hy∣deth or eateth it: and women Witches haue prouerbes thereof as he saith. Also li. 13. he sayth, that the hinder part of the Colte is more than the former part, and when the Colte wexeth, the former part wexeth vpward, and therefore in manye horses, the former part is higher than the hinder: and therfore while he is a colte he maye touch his head with his hinder foote, and maye not so when he is of age: and all the while he is a Colte, he loueth his damme with wonderfull great affection, and followeth hir, where¦euer she goeth, and if it happeneth that he léeseth hir, he presently neigheth.

The Colte is not lyttered with strawe, nor curried with an horse combe, nor arayed with trapping, and gaye har∣nesse, nor smitten with spurs, nor sadled with a saddell, nor tamed with bridle: but he followeth his dam fréely, and ea∣teth grasse, and his féete be not pearred with nayles, but he is suffered to runne hether and thether fréely, but at the last he is set to worke and to trauayle, and is helde and tyed, and lead with halters and with raynes, and taken from his damme, and may not sucke his dammes teates, but he is taught in manye man∣ner wise to goe easely and softe, and as Isi. saith li. 18. he is set to cartes, chary∣ots, and chaires, and to trauell and bea∣ring of horsemen in chiualry.

The silly horse colte is foaled to diuers happes of fortune: for Isi. saith in eod. libro, that horses were sometime hallo∣wed in diuers vsage of the Gods: for chariot horse were ordayned and hallo∣wed to the Sunne, for foure chaunges of the Sunne in one yeare. In Springing time, in Summer, in Haruest, and in Winter, the which times chaungeth by vertue of the Sunne. And carte horses were hallowed to ye Moone, that is séene in double time by night and by daye.

Therefore they that worship ye Moone, couple alway two horses, a white and a blacke: and thrée horses that drew in one carte, they hallowed to the Gods of hel, for fiends draw to them men in thrée a∣ges, in childhood, in youth, and in age.

And these men coupled togethers horses of diuers colors, and durst not well cou∣ple togethers past seauen horses at once, and lykened that number to the seauen starres, by the mouing of the which sea∣uen starres they supposed generally that the world is ruled: or els to the num∣ber of seauen dayes, for by the passing about of the seauen Circles, they saye, that this lyfe passeth and endeth: and describeth therefore wonderfully the co∣lours of horses, as Isid. sayth there. For they hallowed red horses to the Fire,* or to the Sunne: and white to the Aire: and browne to the earth: and blew to the Water and to the Sea. And they rode red horses in Summer, for then all thing héateth: & white horses in win∣ter, for then all thing whiteth by colde & by frost: and graye in springing time, for then all thing wexeth gréene: and browne and blacke in Haruest, for then all thing dryeth, & fayleth as it were, of the first fairnesse. And also ther he saith, ye they halowed red horses to Mars, that is named God of battayle & of warre, or for the banners of the Romanes wer dressed with redde silke, or for Mars had ioye and lyking in bloud. And they hal∣lowed white horses to the West coun∣trey, or to the fayre weather: and gréene to the flowers of the earth: and blewe to the sea and to the water, for water is blewish of coulour: and they hallowed yeolow horses, and horses of diuers co∣lours Page  [unnumbered] and purpured, to the Rain-bowe, that they call Arcum, for the Raine-bow hath many colours: and this cur∣sed doing men vsed somtime by procu∣ring and inticing of fiends, about the E∣lements of the world, as Isidore saith. Therefore this world is to be dispised, for manie hath fulfilled the lykenesse of Sathanas. Huc vsque Isidorus libro. 8. And now at the last, take héede of the horse colte: for the going and pace, hard or softe, easie or vneasie, that he vseth in youth, vnneth he may leaue it in age.

(*The Irish Hobbie, and the Genet of Naples, the Coursers of Tartaria, & the Englysh stoned horses, are the foure principall & best kindes of horses in the world: the Flemish Mare for the brée∣ding.)