Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

De Tortuca. cap. 108.

THe Tortuse is accounted among snailes, for he is closed betwéen most hard shells, in the which he closeth him when any thing grieueth him: and of Tortuca is double kinde, that one dwel∣leth in riuers, and that other in lande. And Tortuca of riuers slaieth and is venemous: and the lande Tortuse dwel∣leth in houses & in woodes, and is cleane and good to eating, but it is horrible and foule in sight, and layeth egges as an Hen, but they be more pale and lesse in quantitie, and is a foure footed Beast, with foure small féete, as a frogge, with a little head as a serpent, and hath hard shells, and many foule specke. And their flesh that dwelleth in woodes be medici∣nable, and hath vertue to restore, & hel∣peth therfore for Tisikes and Etikes, & for them that be consumpt. Arist. lib. 8. speaketh of the sea. Tortuse and sayth, that he eateth all thing, and his mouth, is stronger thā any other waste mouth, for if he take a stone in his mouth, hée breaketh it,* and he commeth out of the water to the brinke, & eateth the grasse and hearbes, and when he tourneth a∣gaine to the water, he goeth vp & swim∣meth, so that his backe is drye with the Sunne, for it is not easie to him to bée déepe in water. Also lib. 13. a beast that hath stales, feathers, and shells, hath no bladder for scarcitie of drinke, for super∣fluitie of drinke passeth into the fethers and into other things, except ye Tortuse: for his loung is most fleshie and bloudy like to the l••ng of a Cowe: & the lung of the wilde Tortuse is more than hee should be, for his body is contained in a thicke shell, and is not onely dissolued therefore but in flesh, and therefore in the Tortuse is a bladder to receiue su∣perfluitie, but the bladder is full lyttle: & in all beasts that haue bloudie lungs, is a bladder, & therefore onely the Tor∣tuse among all beasts with hard shells, hath bladder and raines.