Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Lactuca. ca. 92.

LEctuce is called Lactuca, & hath that name of plentie of humour, as Isido. saith, or els for it maketh ofte milke in women, that nourish and féede children. And in men this heard ye withstandeth mo∣uing of Venus, & thereof is double kinde, wilde and tame. The wilde we call Sera∣lia, for the backe thereof hath sharpe prickes and séeth as it were a sawe, lyke as Isid. speaketh in his seuentéenth booke and the last chapter.

Isaac in Dietis. speketh of this hearb and saith that this hearbe wild Lettuce, is lyke in shape to the tame, but it hath longer braunches smaller and sharper, & lesse gréene for scarsitie of moysture: and therefore it is much more bitter and dri∣er. Therefore many men meane, that it exciteth menstruall bloud, and putteth out rawe humoures, as Dioscorides saith.

Page  301And the tame Lettuce is cold and moyst, and temperate, that it passeth not mea∣sure in neither qualytie. Therefore vse thereof accordeth both to meate and to medicine, and is subtill of substance, and namely when it is fresh, and is therfore soone digested, and abateth gnawing and burning that commeth of Cholera ru∣bea, and cooleth heate & boyling of bloud, and exciteth sleepe, and healeth head ach, that commeth of cholaricke humour and sumositie, and multiplyeth milke in wo∣men, and Semen in men, and this is by reason of good bloud that it bréedeth in perfect quantitie and qualitie: but when it is olde it is hard, and moysture thereof wihtdraweth, and the hearbe is bitter, & then vse thereof bréedeth bloud at worst, and appaireth the sight, and maketh it fayle, and slayeth the feelyng, for it stif∣feleth naturall féeling with sowrenesse thereof. Such Lettuce is most grieuous to such as will get childrē, for it runneth and consealeth the seminall matter, and namely the séede thereof, if it be ofte ta∣ken in meate or in drinke. Huc vs{que} Isa. in Dietis. Lib. 20. cap. 8. Plinius speak∣eth of Lettuce and sayeth, that a manner kinde of lettuce groweth of it selfe with∣out tillyng, and that manner Lettuce is called Caprina, for if it be throwen into the sea, flayeth all the fish that is nigh thereabout. Milke thereof with vineger, water and wine healeth the Dropsie. The hearbe with the leaues stamped & sprong with salt, healeth sinewes that are forecut.

Another manner Lettuce groweth in fields, and leaues therof stamped healeth botches, if it be laid to them with medle. And among ye Gréekes, this maner Let∣tuce is called Isopum, or Esoperum.

The third manner Lettuce groweth in woodes, and is called Stancio. Leaues thereof grounde with meale and floure, healeth wounds, and stauncheth bloud, & healeth rotted wounds. The roote and the leaues abateth the euill, which is called, the holy life.

Another manner Lettuce with round leaues & shorte, is called Heracia among many men. Hawkes scrape this hearbe, and take out the iuyce thereof, & touche and heale theyr eyen therewith, and doe away dimnesse and blindnesse when they be olde. The iuyce healeth all the euills of the eyen, and namelye if a womans milke be medled therewith. And it hea∣leth biting of Serpents, and stinging of Scorpions, if the iuyce thereof be dronk in Wine, and the leaues stamped, and layed to the wounde, in a plaister wise, swageth and healeth all manner swel∣lyng.

Also the séede of all manner Lettuce, wilde & tame, chasteth in sléepe, dreames of lecherie, and suffereth not the body to be polluted neither desiled, if it be oft ta∣ken in meate: but ofte vse thereof, and too much thereof eaten, grieueth ye cléer∣nesse of the eyen. Plinius thereto giueth many other praisings in the same chap∣ter, but this shall suffice at this time.