Of Lentisco. chap. 90.
LEntiscus is a lowe and a medicinall trée,* and is called Scinus among the Gréeks and Hebrewes by another name, as the Glose saieth super Dan. 13. The iuyce of the leaues thereof healeth lyps, and chinnes and whelkes, as it is sayde there. And is called Lentiscus, for the pricke thereof is blunt and softe and fol∣ding, for we vse to call a thing that is softe and plyant Lentus, as Isidore saith lib. 17. Of the fruit of this trée commeth Oyle, and of the rinde commeth Resina, that is called Masticke. And the best brée∣deth in the Iland Chio, as Isidore saith lib. 16. Dioscorides, Platea, and Plinius meane, that the leaues of this trée be full hot and drye, and so is all the trée, & haue Page 300 vertue to binde and to fasten, and to com∣fort, and helpeth therefore against spew∣ing, and all manner running of bloud, & of other humour. And the •••m thereof that is to say, Mistix, hath such lyke ver∣tues. And this gumme hath the name of Mist•gand• of the wing, for with chew∣ing it is made tough and cleansing, and harde as waxe among ye feeth: & to chew∣ed, it cleanseth and purgeth the gums of rotted humours, and fasteneth wagging and rocking téeth; & maketh them white and cleane, and strengtheneth and com∣forteth the rootes thereof, and cleanseth & amendeth euill breath. This Masticke is gathered in this wise. I••the ende of springing time the rindes of this Trée Tenultus, be cut and flie, and the ground is made cleane, and cloathes be spred ther on, least the lycour that falleth shuld fall into the ground: and then the lycor that is faire and cléere, and cleane is best: that that is dim and medled with earth, is nought worth. Mastike cleanseth & purgeth the brain, and causeth to spit much, and comforted the vertue of digestion, & destroyeth ventositie and windes, & sow∣dreth and ioyneth together in a wonder∣full manner all broken things, as preci∣ous stones, and other things that be bro∣ken, if it be molten on an hot tile or flate. And Plinius and Dioscor. meane, that Lenti•cas is a trée wt many pricks, and with • déepe roote in the grounde, and clouen and diuided in many parts. The fruite thereof is lyke to Myrtus, but the greynes is lesse, and reared within when it is ripe, and within is a manner rough wooll, and the iuyce of that wooll, staun∣theth the running and dropping of wo∣men.
(*Of the Masticke trée commeth, the gumme Masticke, which is in cleere and small greynes, of the quantitie of wheat cornes.)