Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Iunipero. chap. 84.

IVniperus is a trée, as Isidore sayth, & hath that name among the Gréekes, for it groweth broad and wide beneath, and narrow aboue, as fire ariseth. For if it take fire, it kéepeth and holdeth it long time, so that if coales be raked in the a∣shes thereof, it quencheth not within a yeare, as it is sayd. Fire is called ir, in gréeke, therfore this trée is called Iuniper'Page  [unnumbered] as it were bréeding fire. And some Iuni∣perus is great, and some is little & small, as Isidor. speaketh lib. 17. And either is a rough trée with prickes, and many small leaues and sharpe: and either beareth, but the lesse beareth more fruite than the more, and beareth many graynes small & round, and be first gréene, and after pur∣ple, or as it were some deale redde, when they be ripe at full. Unneth this trée léeseth gréene colour, either fruite or leaues, and is hot and drye in the thirde degrée, as Dioscorides saith.

The fruit therof is gathered in sprin∣ging time, and is kept two yeare, & hath vertue to dissolue, to consume & to wast. The broath thereof if it be sod in rayne waler, helpeth against the sixe ye cōmeth of sharpnes and strength of medicine, if the patient he bathed therein. Of Iuni∣perus is made. Oleum Iuniperū, which is most effectiue against the Quartane, if the patient take euery daye thereof, the waight of a drain in meat or otherwise, and helpeth agaynst the passion Illiaca, if the place be anoynted therewith, and helpeth them that haue the fallyng euil, and, breaketh the slone, if it be put into the bladder, with an instrument, that is called Siringa. Siringa is a smal pipe, by the which the medicine is put into the bladder.

Wine in the which fruite of Iuni∣perus is sod, with drie figges, pourgeth the breast, and doth away the cough. Huc vsque Plutearius & Dioscorides. Iuni∣perus groweth in stonie places, that is not illed, and in wildernes. Serpents fly the shadow thereof, as Plinius saith.

Therefore men suppose that the fruit ther of helpeth against venime.

*The gum that woseth foorth of the Iuniper trée, is called Vernix. The ope∣ration héere of the whole trée, is hot and drye.)