Of Faba. chap. 64.
THe Beane is called Faba, & hath that name of Ethimology of Gréeke, as I∣sid. saith, lib. 17. And is a manner Cod∣warr, & serueth to Potage, & in olde time men vsed to eat therof. And héer of is dou∣ble kind. One is called a Beane of Ae∣gypt, & the other is the common Beane, which is sometime called Fresa, for men gren oft when they grind and breake it, as he saith. And Dios. saith, yt Beanes bée sowen both in gardens & in fieldes. The stalke therof ariseth with edges and cor∣ners, & is great and hollow with knots, with a leafe or leaues in euery knop: and the leaues be broad & plaine, & sound, and narrow in the endes: and Beanes beare white flowres, with red or black specks aboue in the ends, with good smell. And Bées haunt much the flowres of beanes. And in the stalke bée many coddes, that be think and long, and distinguished with in, as it were many dens and chambers, in which the beanes be set in theyr own place, departed each from other: And the coddes be first gréene without, and white within and softe, and hardneth lit∣tle and little by heate of the Sunne, and is blacke at the last, and that is token of ripenesse.
Dioscorides and Platearius meane, that the Beane is colde and dry, except it be greene, and is then moyst in the first degrée, and nourisheth but lyttle, if it be eaten gréene, and bréedeth thick hu∣mours and swelling in the ouer parte of the wombe, & greeneth therefore the sto∣macke, & bréedeth thicke bloud & melan∣cholike, & also thick smoak, & greeueth the braine therwith. And beanes cause vaine dreaines and dreadfull. By séething and roasting thereof, swelling ventositye is abated, but not all destroied.
He ye eateth Beanes continually, both ach and gnawing in the guttes and in the roapes. Beanes stop the splene, and make harde the wombe. Beanes eaten with the hulles be harde to defie, and bréed much swelling, but the cleane beane when the hull is away cleanseth, and so the cleansing therof purgeth the face, and Page [unnumbered] cleanseth the lungs if it dronke, and bea∣leth postumes of the teates and pappes, & doth away wormes and blearinesse of eien medled with roses, & stencheth hu∣mours that fall and come to the eien, if it be chewed & layd to the Temples, and stauncheth the bloud that runneth, if it be slit and laide to a beine that is cut, and stancheth milke that runneth out of breasts, and helpeth them that haue the Podagre and Goutes, if it be sod with shéeps Lallowe, and laid to the sore, and smiteth against swellinges and gathe∣rings and Postumes, if it bée sodde in Uineger, and layde thereto in the begin∣ning.
Libro. 18. cap. 12. Plinius speaketh of the property and kind of the Beane, and sayth, that among poulse that groweth in roddes, Beanes is called the best. And many meddle Beanes with bread corne, to make ye bread yt more heauie. Beanes bée dampned by Pithagoras sentence: for it is sayd, that by oft vse therof, the wits be dulled, and cause many dreames. Or else as other men meane, for dead mens soules be therein. Therefore Vatro say∣eth, that the Bishoppe shoulde not eate. Beanes. Among corne onely the Beane springeth with leaues, and is full in wath∣ing of the Moone. And is not sod in sea water, nor in other salt water: & is sowen before the going downe of the seauen stars, that be called Pliades, and is ripe & gathered before winter. And loueth most water while it blometh, and drought when it is blossomed, and amendeth the land yt it groweth in, in stéed of doung. Therefore in Thessalia fields ye Beanes grow in, be eared when the Beanes bloome. In many places Beanes growe without trauaile of tilling, and namely, in Mauritonia, and in the landes of the North Occean: but they be so hard, that vnneth they may be sod. Beanes growe in Aegypt with sharpe prickes, therfore Crocodiles flye from them, and dreade least their eyen should bée hurt with the sharp prickes of them. Such a Beane is x. cubites long, with a head as a Popie, and therein Beanes be closed, and that head is red as a Rose: and those Beanes growe not on stalks nor in coddes. The Genicolatus and stalke therof ha•••en∣ches and lar•e leaues. And the 〈…〉 is somewhat bitter. The root thereof is ea∣ten rawe and sod. And is like in quantity to the rootes of the Réed. Rue vsque Pli∣nius, lib. 18. cap. 12. And he saith the same chap. 17.
Virgillus inquit, intro et amurta fabam profundentibus, grandesiere cam promittit.
And one sayth, that Beanes grow the sooner, and thriue the better if they be wa∣tred in pisse thrée daies, ere they be sow∣en. Hue vsque Plin.
(*Gréene Beanes before they be ripe, are colde and moist: but when they bée drie they haue power to binde. The wild field Beane serueth to no vse for man, that is wholesome, nor scarce good pro∣uender for a horse, except with Wheate bran well baked and hard.)