Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Fraxino. ca. 62.

THE Ash is called Fraxinus, and is a trée that groweth in rough places & in mountaines, as Isid. saith, and thereof be made shaftes, and speares. Therefore Ouidius saith, Et Fraxinus vtilis hastis, that is to say: Ash is good for shaftes & speares. Lib. 16. ca. 13. Pliny saith, that a∣mong trées, kinde hath gendered the Ash right profitable, and is a high trée, round and euen, and sharpe vpward in lease, & is made noble by praising of Homerus, and the speare of Achilles, and is in some place so lyke to the Cedar trée, that it be∣guileth the buyers, if the rinde be away. The leaues thereof helpeth against ve∣nime, and the iuyce thereof wrong and dronke, helpeth best against Serpentes. And Ash hath so great vertue, that Ser∣pents come not in shadow thereof in the morning nor at euen: and if a Serpent be set betwéene a fire and Ash leaues, he will flye into the fire sooner than into the leaues. In Greece ye leaues thereof is poi∣son to beasts, & grieueth not other beasts that chewe their cudde, and grieueth not beasts in Italy. It bloometh first or twigs spring therof, and leaueth not the leaues or it beare flowers. And thereof is dou∣ble kinde, as the Gréekes tell: the one is long and not knottie, the other is more in leaues, and more hards, and lyke to a Laurell trée. Other men put difference of the Ash, by diuers place that it grow∣eth in. That Ash that groweth in fields, hath more crispe leaues: and Ash that groweth in mountaines hath more thick leaues, and of the leaues some be better than some. Huc vsque Plinius. And Pla∣tea saith, that Ashe is a trée hot and drye in the second degrée. The rinde & leaues thereof, with Anise and Mushrumpes that groweth thereon, accordeth to me∣dicine, for it stauncheth the flire of the wombe and spewing also, if they be sod in raine water and vinegar, and layd to the stomacke.

(*The lye that is made with ye ashes of the barke of the Ash trée, cureth the white scurffe: séeth in the saide lye, the Bramble leaues.