Of coloquintida. chap. 40.
Page 286OF Coloquintida mention is made 4. Regum quarto, & is a maner hearb, that is most bitter, and is called Cucur∣bita agrestis, as it were a manner wilde wéede, for the spraye thereof bréedeth by the grounde, and is like to the common gourde, & hath round fruite. This hearb stretcheth and spreadeth in hedges, as a vine doeth, and hath much small fruite and rounde, as Isidorus sayeth, li∣bro. 17.
Dioscor. sayeth, that Coloquintida, that is called Cucurbita Alexandrina, is sometime found alone, and then it is deadly and venemous, as is the hearbe that is called Squilla, id est, Cepamarina and griueth not all thing so much, when it is found with many other, and hath pith, rinde and séede. The pith is best in medicine, and the séede is secondarie, and the rinde is little or nothing woorthe in vertue: and so the pith that is white, is good, in which the séede is well pight: & of that that maketh much noyse when it is smitten, is little force, and also if it fal soone to pouder. It hath vertue to dis∣solue and to wast, and of his bitternesse, hath also vertue to depart and to deale, and to thirle, and by subtiltie of his sub∣staunce, it purgeth sleume and melancho∣ly, & it is said that it helpeth the quoti∣dian and quartane, and against scabs, if it be giuen in due manner to the Pati∣ent, and healeth tooth ache, and bringeth out wormes of the wombe.
Pouder thereof staieth wormes of the eares, and openeth the hardnesse of the splene and of the liuer, if the iuyce ther∣of be dronke with Fenell. The broathe thereof, openeth the Emoroydes, and veynes of bloud, and bringeth out men∣struall bloud, and hath these vertues, and manye other moe, as Dioscorides sayeth, and Pl•tea, and Plinius al∣so.
(*Coloquintida, is hot and dry in the thirds degrée. Without discréete vsage, it is excéeding hurtfull to the heart, the stomacke and lyuer.)