Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Carduo. chap. 36.

CArduus is Gréeke,* as Isidore sayeth, and is a manner hearbe or wéed with prickes. The kinde thereof is beting and cruell. Therefore the iuyce thereof cureth the falling of the haire. Dio∣scorides speaketh of this hearbs and say∣eth. That the roote therof fodde in wa∣ter, giueth appetite to drinkers, and is most profitable to the mother, and there∣fore it is no wonder though women de∣sire it. For it helpeth the conception of male children, as he sayth.

And Carduus is a male hearbe full of prickes, and in the toppe hath heads with prickes in stalkes. In the which heads the séed is conteined, that is black without and white within. The pith and the séede is of vertue of departing, and dealing, and helpeth agaynst Page  285 the stone both in the bladder and in the reines, and groweth in a desolate place, and is eaten of Asses, and troden of beasts, as it is sayde. 3. Regum. 14. ca∣pitulo.

*Carduus Libani misit ad Cedrum qui est Libano, dicens, Da filiam tuam, filio meo vxorem. Transieruntque be∣stiae saltus, quae sunt in Libano, & con∣culcauerunt Carduum, &c. A Thistle that is in Libanō sēt to the Ceder tree, that is in Libanus, sayeng: Giue thy daughter to my sonne to wife, and the wilde beasts that was in Libanon, went the trode downe the Thistle, &c.

And li. 20. ca. 16. Plinius speaketh of Carduus and sateth, that Carduus hath leaues with prickes and pricking heads thereon: and the seed and the root may bée eaten. And there is one manner Carduus blometh all the Summer continually, & when one falleth, another springeth, and when the leaues be drie, the pricks leaue to prick and sting. Ther is another man∣ner Carduus, that is enimy to corne, that groweth in earth, as he saieth, and hath much seede, and may vnneth therfore bée destroyed where it once groweth, but the weathers busily drawe vp the moore and rootes. And in drawing vp of Car∣duus, mennes fingers be oft gréeued with prickes, by these properties it séemeth, that Cardui bée Thistles greate and small.

(*Of the kindes of Cardus, Thistles, are diuerse, Carduus Ramptarius, our Ladies Thistle, the leaues gréene, and the daines of the leaues white. Spina pere∣grins, the Gloabe Thistle, or the Oate Thistle. Acanthium, the common fielde Thistle or Cotton Thistle. Leucacan∣tha Carlina, white carroline Thistle. Spina Arabica, the Arabian Thistle. Carlina syluestra, wilde woode Thistle or Saffion bastard, or Carthamus, Car∣dus Benedictus, ye blessed Thistle, whose operation is hot and drye. Cardus syl∣uestris, whereof are thrée kindes also. Last of all are two sortes of Thistles, called Artechokes, which béeing eaten rawe and young doe choake the heart, by bréeding rawe iuyce and Cholera, but sodden, and with Uineger and Pepper seasoned, and a good quantitie of swéete Butter, the pith so eaten hurteth verye seldome those, who beeing pampered with daintye fare, haue eaten too much alreadie, of small nourishment, and yet as some write, they stirre by lecherye in women, and diminish the same in men. Whatsoeuer is else written of ye Arthi∣choke of late is fabulous, yet too good for those that regard no truth. Reade D. Turner. Aetius writeth, that the roote of the Arthichocke sodden in Wine and dronke, driueth foorth stinking vrine. Galen sayth they haue a naughtye iuyce, and maketh euill iuyce in the bodie. Pli∣nie. Hesyodus, &c. Reade Dodone∣us. fol. 523.)