Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Ceder chap. 23.

CEdrus is a Trée, and the Gréekes call it Cedros, as it were Ceomones Dri∣sticon, that is to vnderstand, humour of a burning trée. The leaues therof an∣swereth to lykenesse of Cipressus, as I∣sidore sayth. li. 17. And he sayth ther, that Cedery is a Trée with merrye smell, and indureth and abideth long time, and is neuer destroyed with mought, ney∣ther with: Terredo, that is the Tree worme. And for the Ceder indureth al∣waye, thereof bée Rastees and other Timber made, belonging to places of kings, and to Temples also. The Gumme of this Trée is called Cedri∣na, and is most necessarye, and kéepeth and saueth Bookes. For Bookes which bée vermissed with that Gumme, bée not fret with Wormes; neither age in time.

This trée groweth in Affrica, and in Page  [unnumbered]Siria, & namely in mount Libany. Then the Ceder trée is a most high trée, Lady and quéene of all other Trées, as Raba∣nus sayth super Psalt. and is most fayre in sight, & alway gréene with good smell, & the smell of it driueth away Serpents and al manner of veniuous wormes, as he saith: and it is most swéete in fruite. And the Apples of Ceder be great & long, and bée of eitrine or else of yeolowe cou∣lour, with & wonderfull smell and most pleasaunt sauour, and hath thrée manner of sauores: for in the middle about the graines, the Apples be chrine and sowre, and without swéete by the rinde, and meane betwéene swéet and sowre in the pith of the fruit within. Then the Ce∣der is of many diuerse and great dooing and vertues, and also full medicinable & wholsome For the gum therof is shaped some what in manner lyke to a top, and is sharp and seruent. And it burneth and drieth, as Dioscorides saith: and it wi∣peth and cleanseth away dimnesse of the eien. And it slaieth & destroieth ye wormes of the eares, and it helpeth agaynst the ach of the féeth, and it helpeth against the biting of Serpents. And also it doth a∣waye tingling and ringing in the eares, with the iuyce of Hisop. And swageth & abateth the swelling in the iawes, & hea∣leth certaine wounds in the lungs. And kéepeth & laueth soft flesh from rotting. The Ceder trée anointed with his owne gumme, kéepeth and saueth dead bodyes from rosting that be saide therein. Also the seede of Ceder abateth the cough, and exciteth menstruall bloud and bringeth out Secundinas, bagges that children Bée wrapped in, in the mothers wombe: and cleanseth and purgeth the Mother, and softeneth and slaketh sinewes that bée shrunke with the Crampe, and maketh one to pisse, and cleanseth awaie the gra∣uell in the reines and in the bladder: And Dioscoride, setteth many other vertues of Ceder, and of the iuyce and fruit there∣of. And Plinius speaketh of a maner Ce∣der in this wise: A certaine trée is called Modica, & is first brought out of ye lande of Medes, and the Gréekes call that Trée Agedia or Cedronilla. And hath ye name for it séemeth, that the apples thereof fol∣low the vertue of Ceder, and the sauour also, as Isidore saith, lib. 17. And Apples of the same Trée be contrary to venim, as Plinius sayth, and he sayth, that this Tree is full of fruite nigh alwayes: And some fruit thereof is ripe, and some greene and sowre, and some in blossome. And that is seldome seene in other trees. And many men call this tree Assyria, as he sayth.

(*There are two forts of Ceder, great and small. The small fruit is also of two fortes, the one with sharp prickly leaues like Ioniper, the other are not prickly at all The Ceder is hot and dry in the third degree. Read Dodoneus.)