Of Buxo. chap. 20.
BOxe is called Buxus, and is a name of Gréeke, somwhat corrupt among La∣tines, as Isidore saith, lib. 17. For among the Greeks it is called Pixos. And this tree is alway greene: and for smoothnesse of matter it is able to receiue writing of letters and figures to be made on. For a Table of Bore which is wel planed re∣ceiueth white colour, & thervpon diuerse letters, and diuerse figures and shapes be written and made, & afterward maye be put away easily and soone, as Isidore sayth. All the vtter Trée is called Hec Buxus, and the inner stock, Hoc Buxum. Therefore one said on this manner.
Hec buxus crescit, hoc buxum crescere nescit. It appeareth that he woulde meane, that this tree is called Buxus, while it groweth, and is called Buxum, when it groweth not. And is a Trée of sad matter of fast. And the nutrimen∣tall humour thereof is full gleamie, and cleauing togethers, as Albumasar sayeth in lib. Vegil. Therefore the stocke therof is hard, sad, and heauie, & sinketh in wa∣ter, as Hebenus doth, and that is because of sadnesse & fastnesse of the stock, which hath no pores where aire might enter, by the which entering it might fleete a∣boue the water, as Albumasar sayeth. And therefore the leaues therof be long, gréeue, & fall not soone, but some & some. And when one falleth, another commeth in his steed. And hath many smal leaues and thicke, and little fruit or none. The shauing of Boxe, for it is colde and drie, stauncheth the Fluxe, if it be sod in pit water, as Dioscorides saith. And dyeth haire, yt is oft washed in the broth ther∣of. The sauour therof is bitter, as Plinius saith. lib. 17. cap. 17. The smell is heauie, & though it grieue the tast with sauour, yet it comforteth the sight. For it is al∣way, greene, & namely in Summer. In Winter ye leaues therof waxe some deale pale, but they fall not, as Albumasar sai∣eth. And the cause is of gleamy humour, Page 281 that is therein, and much fleeting moy∣sture that is in the roote, and therefore the leaues fall not. When heat commeth the humour is drawen outward, & then by working of heat the leaues be gréene. And when colde commeth, the humour is suittest inward, and then is great dri∣nosses; & so the coulour is yeolow or pale. And Boxe groweth in hot places & sto∣ny, and is therefore hard and sadly war∣red; but the trée within is smooth, & coue∣nable to bée planed: And holdeth long time shapes and figures, which be made therein: So thereof bée made fayre I∣mage & and long during. Also of Bore be bores ordeined and made to kéepe in Muske, & other manner of spicery, and is good to many manner of other vses, and necessities, which were ouer noyous and greath letting of time to rehearse them héere-all arowe. But such as wée haue rehearsed bée now sufficient, as for this slute.
(*The lennes of Boxe is hot and dry, and not vsed to medicine, and is verye hurtfull for the braine.)