Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Vino. cap. 184.

WIne is called Vinum, as it wer gro∣wing in a vine. Or else it hath that name of Vena, a veine, for drink of wine filleth soone the veines full of bloud, as Isidore sayth, libro. 20. where he treateth of drinke. And strong Wine is called Temetum, for it holdeth the wit, & ma∣keth it oft to do amisse. And wine is cal∣led Merum, when it is pure & not med∣led with water, and is called Bacchus, and hath that name of Liber Pater, that was called Bacchus also.

Page  329It is sayde that this Bacchus found first wines. Or els wine hath this name Bac∣chus of working & doing, for by strength of it selfe 〈…〉 maketh them that drink therof madde and out of their wits, and éese madly an other men. The worthy∣nesse and praising of Wine might not Bacchus himselfe describe at the full, though he were aliue. For among all ly∣cours and iuyce of trees. Wine beareth the price, for passing all licours, wine mo∣deratly monkes; most comforteth the bo∣dy, and gladdeth the 〈…〉, & healeth and saueth, wounds and 〈…〉. Thereof spea∣keth Isaac in Dietis〈…〉 and sayeth, that wine giueth good nourishing to the body, & restoreth the health that sweep 〈…〉 and comforteth & increaseth kinde heate pas∣sing all other meate & drinke, & that for likenesse and companye that wine hath with kinde and so Wine bréedeth most pure bloud, and pursueth & cleanseth trau∣bly and thicke bloud, & openeth & clean∣seth the smuth of the veines, & commeth inward by his subtiltie to cleanse and to purge the inner partes, and lyghtneth and driueth away darke umasie, that bréedeth and gendereth cleingnesse and discomfort, & strengtheneth all the mem∣bers of the body, & giueth to each might and strength, and déede and working of the soule sheweth and declareth to good∣nesse of Wine. And wine breedeth in the soule, forgetting of auguish, of sorrowe, and of oo, and suffereth not the soule to féele anguish and woe. Wine sharpneth the wit and maketh it cunning to in∣quire thinges that be harde and subtill, and maketh the soule bolde and hardye, and so the passing nobilitie of wine is knowen. And vse of wine accordeth to all mens ages and times and Coun∣tryes, if it bée taken in due manner, and as his disposition asketh, that drinketh it.

Also wine accordeth to olde men, for the heat of wine is contrary to their coldnesse. Also wine accordeth to young men, as it were meate. For kinde of wine is like to kinde and age of young men, and is meate & medicine to young∣lings and to children. For it nourisheth & helpeth their heate that is yet vnperfect, and consumeth and wasteth and dryeth superfluitye of moysture of children. And strong wine cleane and pure accor∣deth in colde co〈…〉 and in winter: And in Summer and in hot Countryes small wine, and well medled is good and profitable. For it moistneth and cooleth the body because of medling of the mat∣ter, that is sayde, and commeth full soone into the innermost members by subtilty of the wine. Therefore men in olde time called wine the greate. Triacle, for they found that wine helpeth in the 〈…〉∣ries, For it heateth colde bodies and 〈…〉 hot bodies and moisteth dry bodies, and hteth and dryeth moyst bodye. Also the heate, and drynesse thereof is ••••ly, and moisture and colde thereof is, accidentall, for by subtiltie thereof it bea∣reth water to members that needeth to be cooled and moysted, as he sayth. And in wine take heed of these things, of the licour, of coulour, of sauour, and smell. Bee the substaunce and lycour of wines subtiltie and cléernesse is knowen, and so is his earthynesse & thicknesse. And me∣ly wine that is subtilt cléere, and thinne, is white and cléere and accordeth to the stomack, for it is soone defied & ••aréeth and thirleth, & commeth to the veines, & purreth not norgrieuesh: the wit, neither grieueth the sinewes neither the braine. Great wine & earth it is contrary for sub∣tilt wine, for it grieueth ye stomacke, & it pearceth slowly. Of colours of wine bee foure manners, white, blacke, uane, and red: and both white and black bee lesse hot then other wine. And white wine is more moist then black, because of cleere∣nesse and watrynesse that hath mastrye therin: And blacke wine is more drye because of thickenesse & earthinesse that hath more substantialye mastrye there∣in, and wines of meane colour are hotter & then other, and so wine citrine or of gol∣den coulour, and red wine, be more h••te then white wine or blacke, and that is as they be farther from white or blacke; and the more that they be farther from white wine or blacke and the neerer they be in coulour to white and black, the lesse hotter they be.