Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Stupa. cap. 160.

HArdes is called Stupa, & is the clen∣sing of hempe or of flexe, and men in olde time called it Supa, as it were stopping or porring: for therewith chins and cliftes of ships be stopped and por∣red. Therefore they that aray it to that craft, and make it ready thereto, be cal∣led Stipulateres, as Isido. sayth libr. 20. Vbi agit de lanis.* For with much bra∣king, heckling and rubbing, Hardes, be departed from the substance of hempe & of flexe, and is great when it is depart∣ed, and more knottie short and rough, & is therefore not full able to be spun for threed thereof to be made: neuerthelesse thereof is thréed spun, that is full great, vneuen and full of knovbes, and thereof be made bondes and bindings, and mat∣ches for candles, for it is full drie, and taketh soone fire and burneth, and so when it is kindled, it falleth sodainly in∣to ashes, and thereof commeth when it is quenched, bitter smoake, that grieueth both the eyen and the nose, and is good & profitable to medicine, when it is well wrought and purged of stalkes, and is good to dry and to heale woundes, and to ease burning and scalding, and to abate swelling of eyen, as Plinius sayeth, lib. 20. cap. 10.