Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Scopa. chap. 159.

SCopa is a trée,* and hath that name of Scopando; spewing, that commeth of Scopis or Scopo, pas, and is to vnder∣stand, cleanse or purge for therwith hou∣ses he swept and cleansed, as Isid. sayth, lib. 17. And many call to tree Birch, & hath light leaues, as the ••pe.* For the leaues therof bée full thin and full light, and moueth and quaketh with a right soft blast of winde. And hath manye hard twigs and braunches with knots, and therewith often children be chasti∣sed and beaten on the bare buttocks & loines. And of the boughs and branches therof be besomes made to swéep and to clanse houses of dust, and of other vn∣cleannesse: and beareth séed that is void, as it were like huskes or voide coddes, and wilde men of woods and Forrestes vseth that séede in steade of bread. And this trée hath much sowre inye, & some∣what biting. And men vse therefore in springing time and haruest to stirte the rindes, and to gather the humoure that commeth out thereof, & drinke it in steed of Wine. And such drinke quencheth thirst, and bréedeth much swelling, as he telleth, but it nourisheth not, nor ma∣keth men dronke. Also ye same iuyce kept long in a vessell vnder-dung, and chafed with the heate of the Sun, corrupteth & rotteth, & turneth into fatnesse, & so it is made an ointment, & by séething of fire many mē draw out therof as it wer pitch Page  [unnumbered] And though it be right blacke and stink∣ing, yet it is néedfull to many diuers v∣ses. Therefore wilde wood men, in desert vse the seede thereof, and the iuyce in steed of corne and of wine, and of Olyue, as Plinius saith libro 15. treating of iuyce of trées.

(*In the booke tituled the Kalender of miles, there is in Macedonia, a nota∣ble Citie, in the which thrée sorts of peo∣ple inhabit, which at this day is called Scopia, three dayes iournie from Thes∣salonica, Turkes, Iewes, & Christians: the greatest companies, are Turkes.

This Citie standeth not farre from the mount Olympus, &c. Muntles in lib. 4. folio. 931.)