Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Apio. chap. 13.

MErch is called Apium, & is a com∣mon hearb, known nigh to all men: and hath that name, for somtime victors had garlands of it, as Isid. saith libro. 17 Hercules made him first garlandes of this hearbe. Rootes thereof withstandeth mightely venime, as Isi. saith, but of A∣pium is many maner of kinds as he sai∣eth. One is called Petrosum, & hath that name, for it is most lyke to Apium in leaues, and Apium of the Gréekes is called Silenum, and groweth in stonye places, and in mountaines, and rockes: and therefore Latines call Petrocilium Perseley, Petrapium, as Isid. saith. Of Merch and Apium, is another manner kinde, as Dioscorid. saith, as Apium of frogs, Apium of laughing, Apium of Emeroydes:*Apium of frogs hath that name, for it is ofte founde in watry pla∣ces, where frogs be in, and if this Api∣um be sod with wine, & layd in a play∣ster wise to the wombe, and if it be laid to the reynes, it helpeth and abateth the ache thereof. Apium osus of laughing, hath the name of working and doing: for it purgeth melancholike humour, for of superfluitie of such humour commeth eegnesse and discomfort: and be tel∣leth, that if it be eaten or dronke in great quantitie, it slayeth a man with laugh∣ing, and helpeth also against the stone, & against difficultie of pissing, if men pisse often and little, and exciteth menstruall bloud, if it be sod in water or in wine, & the nether parts of the body washed and bathed therewith.

Apium of Embroydes hath yt name, for pouder therof laid thereto fordrieth the bleeding. Commune Apium, cōmon Merch, vnstoppeth & openeth ye splene, & breaketh the stone, and destroyeth the Iaundes, and helpeth against the drop∣sie, & against frensie, if ye Patients head, be ofte anoynted with the iuyce thereof medled with oyle of roses, and with vi∣neger. The roote thereof succoureth a∣gainst venymous biting, and withstand∣eth venime, as Diosc. sayth. And all A∣pium grieueth & noyeth them that haue the falling euill, for it dissolueth and sof∣teneth the matter, and moueth vpward, and it grieueth children also, because of much moisture and feeblenesse of vertue, & straightnesse of members, & of waies, that age is disposed to that euill. Ther∣fore a nourice that féedeth a child, shall spare Apium, least the childe take that euill, as Diosc. sayth, and Plat. also.