Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Quercu. ca. 134.

THe Oke is called Quercus, and that nowne is declined, Quercus, cus, cui, and is a trée that beareth mast, and is a Page  [unnumbered] fast trée and a sad, and dureth long time with hard rinde, and little pithe within or none, and there bréedeth on the leaues a manner thing sower and vsanery. And phisitions call it Galla, and beareth fruit which is called Akorne, and therewith Swine and Bores in countries be fat∣ted: and hath a strong roote and crooked, and is full deepe in the ground, and cle∣ueth full fast therto. The rinde & fruite and twigs therof be sowrish, and so cold and drye, and be good to medicine. And hath the name Quercus, seeking or ask∣ing: for therein Gods of Nations gaue aunsweres, as Isid. saith li. 17. Or els, for theron men in old time sought akornes to eate, as the Poet sayth.

Mortales primi ructabanti guttura glandes.

In old time, this trée was hallowed to Iupiter, as Ouidius sayth: Men desi∣red akornes of the broad tree of Iupiter. And Okes grow in mountaynes and in woodes, and namely in the land of Ba∣san, there groweth Okes that beareth a∣kornes, and passe other trées, in hardnes and in strength, as Ierome saith sup. A∣mos ca. 2. And Quercus and Ilex is all one. Looke before in the same book, in li∣tera I. The fruite of Quercus is called Akorne, and groweth among the leaues, and no blossome springeth before hande, And akornes be long and euenlong with out, full plaine and smooth, & some deale bright, as a mirrour, and cléere as the nayle, and so it is sayd in Diet. Akorns be colde and drye, and therefore hard to defie, and vnobedient to digestion, & har∣deneth the wombe, and commeth slowly downe from the stomacke, and bréedeth head ache, for thick fumositie passeth ther¦of out of the stomacke to the braine: & are gréene in the beginning, and as it were browne red when they be ripe: & they grow in shells shaped round, plain, and smooth, within the kernell it is full sad, and hath a little skin that departeth betweene the kernell and the shale, and the shale with the kernell & the huske, be full sower and dry, and not well sa∣uoured: but when they be well-ripe & rosted in the fire, or sod in fresh water, they be better in sauour, and taketh better sauour of the heate, and swéetnes of ye water And akornes helpeth against venime: for they stop waies and pores that venime may not passe soone to the heart, and dryeth rotted humours, and stauncheth and stinteth menstruall fluxe and running, as Isaac saith in Dietis.

(*The ripe Akorne beaten to pouder and dronke in ale or wine, stayeth the pricking of the splene, called the stitche: the cup wherein the Akorne groweth, beaten to pouder, and dronke in redde wine stayeth the flixe or laske.)