Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Porro. chap. 133.

A Leeke is called Porrum, and Porrum is a Nowne Ethroclitum. For it is declined hoc Porrum in ye singular num∣ber, and hi Porri in the pluall. And is so Newter gender in the singular, and Mas∣culin in the plurall, as this verse follow∣ing meaneth.

Dat rastrum rastros, porrum{que} facie tibi porros.

This verse meaneth, that these two nownes, Rastrum for a rake, and Por∣rum for a léeke, be Neuter gender in the Page  314 singular number, and Masculine in the plurall number. Also in li. Num. cap. 11. It is said in this manner.

Porri, cepae, & allia, in memoria no∣bis veniunt, &c.

(*In mentem nobis veniunt Cucu∣meres, & pepones, porrique, & cepae, & allia. There came into Israels remem∣braunce, the Cucumers, the pepous, the léekes, and the onions, and the Garlyke, that they had in Aegypt, &c.)

This authoritie meaneth, & is héere set for an ensample, that this Nowne Porrum maketh Potri in the plurall, & is so the masculine gender.

Of a léeke is double maner of kinde, one with whole head, and another is cal∣led Sectile, and Sectile is called a lyttle knot planted or set: and the léeke with a head is more,* and is taken from place to place, as Isidore sayth libro. 17. The léeke that is called set léeke, accordeth more to meate than to medicine, and the léeke with whole head againward. And the head is white and full of meate, and compassed about with small skins, and hath in the neather ende many mores & rootes in stéede of haire, and cleueth ther∣by to the earth, & taketh féeding & nou∣rishing, and the plant springeth out of the middle of the head. In the ouermost ende of the stalke is a head, and in that head the seede is gathered, & each graine of the séede hath a stalke, whereby it cle∣ueth to the plant, & séedeth not the first yere, but the second, as it is said in Dio. and in Mac.

Ipocras vsed léeke in many medicines, for he gaue onely the iuyce thereof to drinke against casting of bloud: and léeke is good against barrennesse, if young wo∣men eate thereof. The iuyce thereof dronke with wine helpeth against bi∣ting of serpents, and against euery ve∣nemous beast. Léeke stamped with ho∣nie, healeth wounds, if it be layd therto, in a plaister wise. The iuyce thereof medled with milke stancheth the olde cough, and healeth euills of ye lungs. The iuyce thereof medled with Goates gall, with the third part of honie, luke warme hot, dropped into the ears, healeth ye ach thereof, and helpeth against deafenesse. And the iuyce thereof dronk with wine, healeth the ache of the luynes. Léekes medled with salte closeth soone, and hea∣leth new wounds, and laxeth hardnesse, and soudreth soone breaches. And léekes eaten raw, helpeth against dronkennes, and exciteth Venus, and softeneth the hard wombe, and Plinius saieth all this libro. 20. capitulo. 7. There he say∣eth more héereto, and saieth also, that the smell of léeke driueth away Scorpi∣ons and Serpents, and healeth the bi∣ting of a mad dogge with hony, and hel∣peth agaynst tooth ach, & slaieth wormes thereof, and bréedeth sléepe, and healeth the kings euill and the dropsie. But the léeke hath some vice: for it gende∣reth swellyng and bolning, and grie∣ueth the stomacke, and bréedeth thirst, and kindeleth and heateth bloud, if it be ofte and too much eate thereof. Huc vsque Plinius.

(*The Léeke is hot and drye in the third degrée, of nature like the Onion, but not so strong: they ingender grose & euill bloud, breede winde, and cause hea∣uie dreames, &c.)