Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Palmes. chap. 117.

Page  310PAlmes, is properlye a bough, or a braunch of a vine. Thereof Isidore libro. 17. speaketh and saith, that Palmes is the softe matter of a vine, and spring∣eth out in new armes, and the braunches beare the fruite that groweth therein. The leafe thereof is called Pampinus, by the leafe the branch is defended and suc∣coured against colde & heate, and against all wrongs of frost and snow, and other hard weathers that fall. And in some place the leaues be plucked away, for the Sunne should come to the fruite, & ripe it spéedely, and to doe away the shadowe, yt letteth ye riping, as he saith. The vine draweth all vertue & norishing yt it hath from the roote, and draweth strongly, be∣cause that it hath strong heate, that is closed therein in pores thereof, & draw∣eth much humour that passeth into sub∣staunce of braunches, and the other deale tourneth into matter of knops, of bur∣gening of buds, of floures, and of fruite, as Plinus sayth lib. 13. Such as the hu∣mour of nourishing is in the roote, such it is shewed in braunches: and so Com∣pendium Salerni, teacheth to make grapes of diuers colours in ye same vine, while a vine is graffed on thrée braunch∣es, that springeth out of one stock of the same vine, & with one graffe slit, in time of graffing is done red colour, & with the other blew colour, & with ye third yelow colour. Then each of the graffes sprin∣ging of the braunches of such coulour, shall beare Grapes lyke to that yt was done therewith in the slit of graffing. But seldome in this Countrey is one vine graffed on another vine, though sometime vines be graffed on stockes or on trées. Therefore ofte fruite is chaun∣ged in this manner: In March, when the humour beginneth to passe vpwarde from the roote, the rinde of the Uine is warely opened, and when it is open, the colour is put in about the roote, betwéene the trée and the rinde, and is then busily kept, that the humour that commeth vp∣ward from the roote, passe not at the slit: and so the humour that the braunch dra∣weth by lyttle and lyttle from the roote, is chaunged, passing by the colour. And some thereof is vnctuous, and turneth in∣to the fruit, and the likenesse thereof, leaueth in the fruite.

By the same trafte euery plant may be tourned and chaunged in colour and in sauour, and some trees, which lundlye binde, by crafte be made kindly to laxe: and so of the contrary as he saith. And Alfredus saith the same, super l. quinto plantarum. And that as diuers maner of kinde of trées be craftely graffed in the graffing time. Isidore speaketh & sayth, that of the sprayes and braunches of the vine, springeth small and little crookes, & by those smal crookes, the braunches and sprayes beclyppeth and compasseth the trée round about, and is kept and helde vp thereby, and withstandeth by ye helpe thereof, diuers & many maner of windes and stormes, and wethers, that the bran∣ches be not shaked and hurled with the winde, and to saue the fruite from perill of fallyng. The braunches springeth and spreadeth wide about, and for the branch is full tender and brittle in the begin∣ning, such holding is néedefull, till it bee strong by venefice of the Sunne. Euerye yeare the braunches néedeth cutting and paring, and discharging of superfluitie, to spring and beare fruite the better. The vine that is not cut, spreadeth full wide, and passeth out of kinde, and tourneth into kinde of a wilde vine. The noble vine is knowen by thicke or thinne sette knots: for as Plinius saith li. 20 ca. 15. for thinne setting of knots and sorre a∣sunder, is a token of barren vine: and thick setting of knots, is token of a good vine and bearing. Looke inner De na∣tura vitis.