Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Olere. chap. 114.

*COle is called Olus, and hath that name of Olendo, smelling, for as Isid. sayth. First men eate Colles ere they had corne & flesh to ease, be sore the floud men eate apples, coles, and hearbes, as beasts eate grasse & hearbs, as Isi. saith, libro. 13. And though all ye heart is yt grow in the earth be able to be sod, and according to mans meat be generally called Olus in the sin∣gular, & Olera in the plural, yet most cō∣monly cole is called Olus in ye singular, & Olera in the plurall. The stalke & leaues therof grow swifte & then stalks or leaues of other hearbs, as he sayth. And ye ouer∣most croppe thereof is called time, as it were Come: & the natural vertue of this hearb is namely in the crop therof. And therefore ye effect, & might of medicine as well of this hearbs as of other is most in the crop, as he saith. The hearb is cold & dry, & breede to thicke bloud & troubly, & horrible smell, as Isaac saith in Die. & some cole is Summer cole, and some is Winter cole. And this hearbe is com∣pounded of contraries, for the substance is great and hard to defie.

The wose thereof & iuyce is running and sometime cleansing and drieng, and sometime moisting and laring in the wombe: But the substaunce without the iuyce, is stopping and binding. The mallice thereof is withdrawen, if it bee sod or boyled in water, and that water throwne awaye, and the cole then sod∣den in other water with good fatnesse & sauoury, as it is sayde in Dietis. This hearbe thriueth by setting and planting. For this hearbe is sowen and groweth first in one place, and if it be then taken by and set in better land, it groweth fast, & thriueth both in quantitie, quality, and in vertue. In Summer the tender leaues thereof be eaten with small shags, and with other wormes. And be constrained in Winter with grea frost and small, and be so made the more tender to sée∣thing, & the better to eating. For when the heate commeth into the inner parts of the leaues, the substance therof is the better defied, and be the more soft.

And li. 20. cap. 10. Plin. praiseth strongly the Colewoort touching the vse of medi∣cine, and sayth, that there is thrée man∣ner kindes of coles: some with crispe leaues and good for the stomacke, and some softneth some deale the wombe. And another with broade leaues and thicke, and is lesse woorth in medi∣cine.

The third with thin leaues and sim∣ple, and is more better then the other, and better in medicine. Leaues therof brused and laid too two daies, healeth wounds of hounds, both new and olde, and that wonderfully. Cole little sod, laxeth, and bindeth, if it be much & greatly sodden. Cole withstandeth wine & dronkennesse, and comforteth the sinewes: and is ther∣fore good for the Palūe, and for trem∣bling and quaking. And causeth aboun∣dance of milke for children in their nur∣ses breasts, and the iuyce therof helpeth against venim, and also against biting of a woode hound, as he saith there, and Page  [unnumbered] Serpents flye the smell of cole sod. And he reckoneth vp many other vertues, the which & passe ouer at this time for noy∣full tarrieng. And he sayth, that Bractea, the wilde cole, groweth without tilling, and hath stronger vertues and work∣ing.

(*Colewortes béeing giuen to kine, causeth them to yéelde aboundaunce of milke, and fattneth them in short time: but being in good plight they must be kil∣led, or els they grow to the rot.)