Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.
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Of Adamant. chap. 9.

ADamas is a little stone of Inde: and is coloured as it were yron, and shi∣neth as Christall, but it passeth neuer the quantitie of a walnut. Nothing ouer∣commeth it, neither yron nor fire, and also it heateth neuer: for of the Gréekes it is called, a vertue that may not be daunted. But though it maye not be ouercome, & though it despise fire and yron, yet it is broke with new hot bloud. Grauers vse the péeces thereof to signe and to rule, & to hollow precious stones. This stone is contrary to Magnes: for if an Adamas be set by yron, it suffereth not the yron to come to the Magnes, but it draweth it by a manner of vyolence from the Mag∣nes, so that though the Magnes draweth yron to it selfe, the Adamas draweth it away from the Magnes. It is sayd, that this stone warneth of venime, as Elec∣trum doth, and putteth off diuers dreads and feares, and withstandeth witchcraft. Huc vs{que} Isi. li. 15. ca. de Christallis. Di∣oscorides saith, that it is called a Preci∣ous stone of reconciliation and of loue. For if a woman be away from hir hus∣band, or trespasseth against him, by ver∣tue of this stone Adamas, she is the soo∣ner reconciled to haue grace of hir Hus∣band. And héereto he sayeth, that if a ve∣ry Adamas, be priuely layd vnder a wo∣mans head that slepeth, hir husband may know whether that she be chast, or no: For if she be chast by vertue of ye stone, she is compelled in hir sléepe to imbrace hir husband: and if she be vntrue, shée leapeth from him out of the bed, as one that is vnworthye to abide the presence of that stone. Also us Dioscorides saith, the vertue of such a stone borne in the left shoulder, or in the left arme pit, hel∣peth against enimars, against madnesse, chiding and strife, and against frends that anoy men that dreame in their sléepe, a∣gainst fantasie, against dreamings and venime.

(*Adamas, A Diamond, whereof ther be diuers kindes, (as in Pliny) and in other it appeareth. His vertues are to resists poyson, and witchcrafte: to put a∣way feare, to giue victorie in contention, to helpe them that be lunatike or phran∣tike. I haue proued (saith D. Cooper) that a Diamonde laide by a Needle, causeth that the Load stone cannot drawe the néedle. No fire can burte it, no violence break it, vnles it be moysted in ye warme blood of a Goate.)

(*The principall Diamonds are found in the first India, in a Kingdome of the Moores, named Decan, from whence they are brought to other regions. Ther are also found other Diamonds, which are not so good, but somewhat white, and are called Diamonds of the new myne, which is in the Kingdome of Narsinga. There are made other false Diamonds, of Rubies, Topaces, & white Saphires, which appeare to be fine. Of these, some are found, that haue halfe the coulour of Rubies, and other of Saphires, other al∣so of the colour of a Topase, other haue all these colours mingled togethers. Of the whitest of these, they make manye smal Diamonds, which cannot be know∣en from the true, sauing by touching of such are skilfull in that practise.)

Of the Agat.

(*In the borders of Scotland groweth and is found the stone that is called A∣gat, wherof some be with mixed colours of oaker red, blewish, and Icie coloured. Some like a reddish Amber, good to in∣graue anye feature, as for his vertue, if it be no more, than the estimation of the stone, it is little worth.)

Of Christalines.

(*Beyond Bristow, on ye hill called S. Vincents rocke, groweth manye: cléere stones, wherof some are very hard, & wil race on glasse. They cannot be counter∣set, because they grow natural: of little e∣stimation, as more worthier things are, that ought to be more set by: but farre fet, & déere bought, is good, for the foolish.