Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Sulphure. cap. 94.

BRimstone is a veine of the earth, and hath much aire and fire in his compo∣sition, therefore it is called Sulphure, as it were Solum vrens burning of the grounde. Fire is called Vr. for the firye vertue of brimstone is known in feruent waters, for water that runneth and pas∣seth by veins of brimstone, taketh white∣nesse or heate thereof, fauorinesse, effect, and smell. And héereof it commeth that hot wels springing out of ye earth bring therewith ye qualities of veines of brim∣stone. And nothing is so soone set a fire as Brimstone, and bréedeth in the hotte I∣land Eloijs betweene Cicilia and Italy, and some men meane, that those Ilands burne, and Brimstone is found and dig∣ged in other places, as Isidorus sayth: of Brimstone there be foure kindes. One is called Viuum, the which when it is digged shineth and flourisheth, the which all onely among all the kindes thereof, Phisitions vse, as Isidore saith. Another is called Gleba, and serueth only for ful∣lers. The third is called Liquor, and is good and profitable to cast and sparple on Wooll: for therewith they make soft and white: the fourth serueth to light of lan∣ternes, as Isidor. saith. And sayth there∣to, ye the vertue of brimstone is so great, ye certaine sicknesses are perceiued with brightnes thereof. If the flame therof cō∣meth straight into a mās face, it bréedeth foule and euill palenesse to their sight that looke theron, to the likenesse of dead men, as Isid. saith, li. 16. cap. 1. Auicen & Pla. meane, that brimstone is hot & drye in the fourth degrée, & is turned into kind of brimstone in part of water, of earth, & of fire, and that brimstone is sometime great & boistous, & full of drosse, and som∣time pure, white, cléere and subtill, and sometime meane betwéene both.

Page  268And by this diuers disposition, diuerse mettall is gendered of Brimstone and of quicke siluer, as it is saide 4. Metheoro∣rum. There it is shewed that Brimstone and quicke siluer is the matter of met∣talls. Some Brimstone is called quicke brimstone, such as it is when it is taken out of the earth: and some is dead Brim∣stone or quenched, and is made by craft, and put in pottes or in other vessells for medicine. The best is the quick with heat bright & shining white, or gréene with∣out stone, and that maketh gréene colour, and if it bée put in the fire, it hath ver∣tue of tempering and departing, of con∣suming and wasting, and of making sub∣till and thin, and of restoring. Therefore it letteth the cough, and helpeth them yt haue the falling euil, and cleanseth scabs, and withstandeth venim, and awaketh men that haue the sléeping euill, and hel∣peth for the gowtes, Podagre, & the pal∣sie, if the remedie thereof be vsed in due manner and medicinable, as Auicen, Di∣oscorides, Platearius, and other Authors say.