Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Golde. chap. 4.

GOlde is called Aurum, and hath that name of Aura, still wether, as Isidor. saith lib. 26. For it shineth most, in aire that is bright: for it is kindlye, that shi∣ning of mettall blase the more, if they be shined with other light. Therfore things that make shining the more blassing, be called Aurarij, and golde that is most blasing is called Obrisum, for it shineth with bright beames, and is of best cou∣lour. And the Hebrewes call it Ophar, and the Gréekes name it Chrusos.

Page  254And a thin plate, of the which golden threds are cut out, is called Brathea. Huc vs{que} Isi. cap. de mettallis. In li. Metheo∣rorum parum ante fine Aristotle saith, that golde, as other mettall, hath other matter of subtill brimstone and red and of quicke siluer subtill and white. In the composition thereof is more sadnesse of brimstone, then of aire and moysture of quicke siluer: and therefore gold is more sad and heauie than siluer. In composi∣tion of siluer, is more commonly quicke siluer than white brimstone as he saith. Then among mettall, nothing is more sad in substaunce, or more better compact than golde: and therefore though it bée put in fire it wasteth not by smoaking & vapours, neither lesseth the waight, and so it is not wasted in fire: but if it be melted with strong heate, then if any filth be therein, it is cleansed thereof, & that maketh the golde more pure & shi∣ning. No mettall stretcheth more with hammer worke than golde: for it stret∣cheth so, that betwéene the anfield and the hammer without breaking and renting in péeces, it stretcheth to lease golde. And among mettall, there is none fayrer in sight than golde, and therefore among Painters, golde is chiefe and fairest in sight, and so it darkeneth shape and cou∣lour of other mettall. Also among met∣tall is nothing so effectuall in vertue, as golde. Plato describeth the vertue there∣of and saith, that it is more temperate & pure than other mettall, for it hath ver∣tue to comfort, and for to cleause super∣fluities gathered in bodies: and there∣fore it helpeth against leprosie and me∣selrio. The filing of gold taken in meate or in drinke, or in medicine preserueth, & and letteth bréeding of leprosie, or name∣ly hideth it and maketh it vnknowen: for ofte vse of golde letteth & tarieth the bréeding of Lepra, or maketh it vnkno∣wen, as Auicen saith. Also the some fi∣ling and powder, with the iuyce of Bo∣rage, and with the bone of the heart of a Harte,* helpeth against sownding, and a∣gainst cardiaele passion. Also thin plates of gold, fire hot, quenched in wine, ma∣keth the wine profitable against ye euill of the splene, & against many other euils and passions melancholike: and also bur∣ning made with instruments of gold, is better than with other maner of mettall, for it kéepeth ye place that is burnt with∣out stinking. Also powder of the offall of golde healeth spots of eyen, if it be ther∣in. Also golde comforteth sore lymmes, though it be not corporate therein, and though it norisheth them not, yet it doth away with the sharpnesse thereof, super∣fluities that growe in members, & clean∣seth them in that wise as Plat. saith. Al∣so hot gold doth away haire of members: and what that is burnt or froted there∣with, groweth no more, as Consta. saith. Also gold smitten, foundeth not as brasse doth and siluer, nor creketh nor cleaueth, but strecheth euen abroad, except other strong mettall be medled therewith in some wise. For as long as brasse or lat∣ton is medled with the substance of gold, it cleaueth alway vnder the hammer, & is inobedient to take out shape by bea∣ting of the hammer: no therfore it née∣deth that all superfluitie be put awaye, and the golde clensed by melting & made pure, that it may be able to be shapen wt a hammer, to make thereof some vessell with couenable shape as Gregory saith. And when a plate of golde shall be med∣led with a plate of siluer, or ioyned ther∣to, it néedeth to beware namely of thrée things,* of powder, of winde, and of moy∣sture: for if any héreof come betweene golde and siluer, they may not be ioyned together, the one with the other: and ther∣fore it néedeth to meddle these two met∣tals together, in a full cleane place & qui∣et, and when they be ioyned in due ma∣ner, the ioyning is inseperable, so yt they may not afterward be departed asunder.

(*Golde maketh wise men glad: and spendthrifts mad: Gold vpholdeth king∣domes: Golde is preferred in manye common wealths before Justice: & there∣fore to those that put their delyght ther∣in, it is called Auri sacra fames, of ye mis∣vse thereof. It is reported by late Wri∣ters, of the golden mountaines of Ciba∣na, aud of the wonderfull riches of gold that the king of Spaine hath yéerly from the West and East Indies, gathered by a multitude of slaues, ordained for that Page  [unnumbered] purpose: notwithstanding the vsurers yt inhabit Britaine, doe make moe slaues that are frée borne, by raising of rentes, ingrossing of landes, and hindring of til∣lage, for the quantitie of ground in one yeare, then is subiect among the Indies in thrée yeares, to the vtter ouerthrowe of landes, goods, wife and children.)