Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Carinthia. chap. 85.

CArinthia is a little Prouince of Ger∣mania in Europa, and hath Pano∣nia in the East side, and Italye in the West: and the Riuer Denubius in the North: Dalmacia and Salmonia in the South. And is closed with moun∣taines in the one side, and endeth at the Sea Adriaticum in another side.

And this is a plentious lande in ma∣nye places: and hath manye wilde Page  [unnumbered] beasts and tame. The men do great war∣riours and strong, and mightely streng∣thened with Castles and townes. The land is cold for high mountaines be nigh therto, there is oft raine and Snowither about the mountaines for coldnesse of Snow water, manye haue Botches vn∣der the thinne, as it is sayde. There be many Beares, Bisoums, and other won∣derfull beasts and wilde. Also there bée glifes, & men eate them, for though they séeme to be a kinde of Mice, yet they bée eaten, to they flesh is both sauoury and far.

(*Carinthia a Country by Oustrike, ioyning on the South to the mountains Alpes and Italy, on the East and North to S••na. The election of a new prince or gouernour there is verye straunge. Pius writeth in his Cosmographie, that in the towne called Sanctiviti, is a great val∣ley where in a meddowe is set a stone of Marble, of a good height, wherevpon as∣cendeth a husband man, vnto whom that office by inheritaunce belongeth: on his right hand standeth a blacke Cowe: on his left hand an ill fauoured Mare. A∣bout him standeth a great multitude of Carles, common people. On the other side of the medowe commeth the Duke accompanied with his noble men; in their roabes of estate. Before him goeth the Earle of Goritia, the great master of his house, betwéene .12. Banners, bearing the Princes standard: The other noble men followe with the Prince, cladde lyke an husband man, with a sheepe crooke in his hand, as he were a shepheard: As soone as the Carle on the Marble stone percei∣ueth him comming, he asketh alowde in the Slauoine tongue: Who is this that commeth with so proude a gate. They that stande about aunswere: It is the Prince of this Countrie. Then sayth hée oftentimes: is he a righteous Iudge, sée∣king for the weale of the Countrie, a frée man borne, and worthy to haue honour: is he a true christian man, and defendie of Christs faith: They all answere, yea, he is, and shall be: Then sayth ye Carle, by what right may be put me from this place: Then aunswereth the Earle of Goritia, thou shalt haue for thy place .60 groafes, these two beasts (the Cowe and the Mare) and the Princes apparol, which he did late put off. Also thy familye or kinne shall be frée, from all manner of tribute. Then the Carle giuing ye Prince a little blowe on his chéeke; bindeth him be a good Iudge, and comming downe from the stone giueth him place, & so de∣parteth taking with him the Cowe and the Mare. Then the Prince goeth vppon the stone, and holding a naked swoord in his hande, shaking it, tourneth to euerye part of the stone, promising equall iudge∣ment to all the people. Then is there brought to him colde water in a hus∣band mans cap, which he drinketh, signi∣fieng that he condempneth drinking of Wine. Then goeth he to a Church ther∣by, where after he hath heard diuine ser∣uice, he putteth of his rusticall raiment, and putteth on apparell of honour: And dining with his nobilitie sumptuouslye, he commeth often to the medowe, where he heareth matters, and ministreth iu∣stice: The Duke of this Country is as it were chiefe master of the Game to the imperiall maiestie.)