Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Hispania, chap. 79.

THe countrey of Spaine, was first called Hiberia, and had that name of the riuer Hiberus, and was after∣warde called Hispania, and hadde that name of the Riuer Hispalus, (as it it sayd). And this lande was called His∣pera, and had that name in olde time of the West euening starre. And this land is betwéene Affrica and Europa, and is cloased in the North side with ye moun∣taines Pyreneis, and is closed with the Sea all about in the other sides, and the aire there is very healthy, ther is a∣bundance of all corne and fruite, & most rich of precious stones and of mettall. Most noble Riuers runne through this land, as Betis, Minius, Hiberus, Ta∣gus, and Pactolus, that draweth golde. Therein be sixe Prouinces, as Terra∣conis, Cartaginensis, Lusitania, Gal∣licia, and Betica: and in the other side of the arme of the sea in the countrey of Affrica Trangitania. And there be two Spaines, the hether and the farther. Huc. vs{que} Isido. li. 15.

Orosius sayth, that Spayne is as it were a thrée corner to the roundnesse of landes: for it is beclypped nigh all a∣bout with the sea Occean and Tirreni, and is welnéere made an Iland: the next corner thereof is Eastward, and in the right side thereof is the Prouince of Guyan, and in the lefte side it is strai∣ned in with the Sea Balearicum: and nigheth the borders of Narbon. The se∣cond corner thereof, is toward ye North Northwest, where is Bernagicia, a Ci∣tie of Gallia, & reareth toward the sight of Britaine. The thirde corner thereof is toward ye Ilands Gades afore mount Athlant, that is in Affrica, in the other side of an arme of the Occean. Huc. vs∣que Orosius.

Also Plinius prayseth Spaine in ma∣nye things, and namelye in mettall, and Page  231 sayeth, that nigh in all Spayne is plen∣tie of golde and siluer, of brasse, copper, and yron, of tinne and lead, both white and blacke. Therein be men and Nati∣ons great warriours, and strong. It is sayd, that some of them descended of the Greekes, and it is said also, that some of them were descended, & were successours of the Wysigothes, the same saith Isido. For therein be many speciall prouinces, that we know, and there is Galitia. Men of that countrey tell, that they came of the Greekes as Isidore saith lib. 9. Ther in is Asturis, and hath that name, for it is closed all about with mountains afore the riuer Asturius, and ther is Celtibe∣ria, and hath that name of Gallis Gelci∣cis, that bwelled vpon the Riuer Hibe∣rius.

(*Hispania, a Countrey in the West part of Europe, called Spaine, somtime called Iberia, and Hesperia. It is muy∣roned on the South part, with the Sea Mare Meditaraneum, which diuideth Europe from Affrike: on ye North part, with the Sea, Mare Cantabricum: on the west, with the great Occean Sea: on the East with the Mounines Pyre∣nael, and the parte of the Realme of Fraunce, called Aquitania and Narbo∣nensis. This Countrey is diuided by Ptholome into three Regions: Bethica, wherin is Granado, Syuil, Cordubia, &c. Lucitania, wherein is Portugall, Galle∣tia, &c. Tarrhaconensis, wherein is Ca∣style, Lyons, and Arragon. At this time it containeth slue Realmes, Granado on the South part toward Affrike, Por∣tugall on the West, Gallecia and Bis∣kaye on the North, Arragon on the East, Castile and Lyons in the middle. Much of the West parte, by reason of Yorkes, Forrests, and for lacke of wa∣ter, is not fertill, nor well inhabited. The North part by reson of much cold, is not plenteous. The South parte is wonderfull fruitfull. It is in length, as Strabo writeth, 6000. furlongs, which is 850. miles: in bredth, 5000. furlongs, which is 625. miles. Plinius next vnto Italy, extolleth it in fertilite aboue all o∣ther Countreyes, in plentie of graine, wines, oyle, siluer, golde, and yron.

Statius and Claudius doe no lesse com∣mend it. As touching for golde, and sil∣uer, Spaine is beholding to the Indies, from whence commeth yearely an infi∣nite masse of treasure: which if slouth and distrust, had not bene Pilates of England in finos past, those Indies had serued England and not Spaine, for the most part, as more plainly appeareth in the booke tituled, the Decade of ye West and East Indies, and Andrew The∣uer.