Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.


*INdea, a great rich Countrie, called in English Indv, lieng on the South part of ye world, which as Ptholomeus wri∣teth, is diuided into two parts. The one is called Indie within the riuer of Gan∣ges, which on the west is bounded with Aracosia and Gedrosia: on the East, hath the great riuer called Ganges: on the North with the hill called Imaus: on the South and West, with parte of the Indian sea. The other part of Indie wt∣out Ganges, is bounded on the west with the sayd riuer Ganges: on the North, with part of Scythia and Setica: on the East with the Region called Sinaruni: on the South with the Indian sea.

Nearchus, great Alexanders Admirall, affirmed (as A••anus writeth) that it was foure months iourney by ye plaines of Indie, Megasthenes saite, that the breadth of Indie, from the East to the west, cōtaineth 16000. furlongs, which is 2102. miles. The length frō ye North to the South 22000 furlongs, which is 2850. miles. Caesias affirmeth it to bee as much as the residue of Asia: but O∣nesicritus which wrote the actes of A∣lexander, denieth it to be the third parte of Asia. There are alwayes two Sum∣mers, and fruites and graine twice ga∣thered. The windes be alwayes tem∣perate, the beastes and Fowles much greater, than in other Countreyes, and of more diuers kindes. The names of the Countreyes and Cities there, be now otherwise, than they were in the time of the auncient Writers. They which bee now knowen, shall bée de∣clared in their places, with the moun∣tants and riuers which are great aboue all other.

(*Of the thrée principall riuers in In∣die, Ganges, Indus, and Hyphasis: Ganges, a great Riuer that diuideth Indi, called in holye Scripture Phi∣l••. one of the foure riuers which come soorth of Paradise. Iosephus doth in∣terpert if Inundation The bredth ther∣of (as Sohos writeth) is in the nar∣rowest place eight miles, in the brodest, twentie miles. Ananus writeth, that where it is narrowest, it is in bredth one hundred furlongs, which is eight miles. In many places, it spreadeth so wide, that where the gerunde is most plaine, nor any high place appeareth, no man may discerne anye thing of the o∣ther side: in the shallowest place, it is an hundred foote deepe. There runneth into it, seauenteene great Riuers, euerye one of them able to beare a shippe. In this Riuer of Ganges is an Ile, and therein a great Citie, called Palibetia, the Country is called Phrasia, the king whereof as Plyme writeth lib. 6. cap. 19. hath alwayes in wages 600000. foot-men, 30000. hors-men, and 9000. Elephants.)

(*Indus is a notable Riuer, that commeth from the great Mountaine Taurus, and incleaseth Indie on the West, and runneth into the Indian sea. Into this Riuer runneth nineteene great and famous Riuers, the least of them is more, than the great Riuer of Donowe. Where he is broadest, Stra∣bo sayeth, that they which doe write most moderately of Indus, doe affirme, that he is in breadth fiftie furlongs, which is twelue miles and a halfe. The water thereof causeth great fertilitie, when it ouerfloweth, and thereof many sundry pleasant and wholsome fruites, doe spring without labour.)

(*Hypasis, or as some doe write, Hypanis, Arianus calleth it Hyphasis, a great Riuer, which runneth out of the mountaines of Scythia into Indie, and commeth into the famous riuer of Gan∣ges, and is in breadth seauen furlongs, as Diodorus writeth, libro. 17. The streame thereof is so swifte, that no man may passe euer it, by the space of fiue dayes sayling. The water is fresh: af∣ter that it commeth within foure daies sailyng of the sea, it is wonderfull bit∣ter, by reason of a bitter Fountayne, which runneth into it. At this Riuer, the great Alexander finished his iour∣ney, and went no farther into Indie, but did there set vp twelue Altars of Stone, euerye of them fiftye Cubites Page  [unnumbered] in greatnesse. D. Cooper.