Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Orbis terrarum.

Page  [unnumbered]THE mappe or table of Ortelius, doth comprehende, and set out the portraiture of the whole compasse of the Earth, and of the Occean Sea; inuiro∣ning the same, all which compasse of the Earth, the auncientes, (to whome the newe worlde was not knowen) di∣uided into thrée partes, that is to saye, Affrica, Europa, and Asia: but which America was founde out, our age ad∣ded it vnto them, for the fourth parte, and looketh for the fifth, lyeng vnder the South pole: Gerardus Mercator, the chiefe Geographer of our time, in his vniuersall Table, neuer inough to bée praysed, doth diuide this compasse of the Earth, into thrée maynes; The first hée calleth that which we said, the auncients diuided into thrée, and from whence it is diuided by the holye Scripture, that mankinde tooke his beginning. The seconde, which at this days wée call A∣merica, or the West India: The thirde hée calleth the South lande, which ma∣ny fearme Magelonica, discouered he∣ther vnto, with fewe Sea coastes, And Antiquitis hath taught, that the com∣passe of this earth containeth aboute, where it is widest, fiue thousande and foure hundred Germaine miles,* or 21000. 600. Italian miles, and the same the later age affirmeth.

And these so manye portions of the Earth, (as Plinie sayeth in his seconde booke of Nature,) nare rather as many haue written, the point of the worlde, (neyther is the worlde anye thing else vniuersallye) this is the matter of our glorye, this is the seate, héere wée beare honour, héere wée exercise Empire, héere wée desire riches, héere mankinde fal∣leth together by the eares, or is in an vproare, héere we renewe warres, euen ciuill, and with killing one another, wée make the earth wider: And to passe o∣uer the publike furye of Nations, this wherein we driue awaye our borderers, and by stealth digge vp our neighbours stuffe, and put it to our grounde, or proper goods which belong vnto him, as for example in many Regions, they will yéelde the lande to the owner, in lewe of his purchaise and rent, but if in the bowelles of the Earth there bée founde anye mettalles of value, the pur∣chaiser shall not be Lorde thereof: with as much equitye maye bée taken, when in the stéede of Thifties, by painfull tra∣uaile, and lling of the sayde grounde, it after bring foorth good corne, that ther∣fore, because nowe good Corne, and no Thiftles, the Lorde maye take the Corne, yet replyeth the contrarye and sayeth, that mettalles were before, and are therefore in the right of the Lorde, because the Tenaunt d.d ne∣uer imploye charge, but for the thing readye prouided. Let this reason stand for lawe: yet sayeth the guide of the Lawe: The Kingdome of Heauen,*is lyke vnto a treasure hidde in the field, the which a man findeth, and concea∣leth it: and for ioye thereof, goeth and selleth all that hee hath and buy∣eth the fielde. Who hideth the Trea∣sure, God, by his vniuersall creation, who findeth it? (Man,) by the gifte of knowledge:* To whome is it due? To him vnto whome it is giuen. Where∣fore hath hée that founde this Treasure boughte with all his substaunce this fielde? That therefore the inheritaunce should not be his: the inheritance is not denyed, but the Treasure, and whye? Because there is no difference, but ey∣ther mine or shine. I referre the equi∣tye of his question, vnto the more pru∣dent and wise in the worlde, that all thinges maye bée considered to the glo∣rye of God, as that which hath ly∣mited the Countryes farre abroade, and hath driuen the dwellers beyonde their boundes: of what small parts of the earth taketh it pleasure of, or when for measure of her couetousnesse, shee hath inlarged it, what portion at length ther∣fore maye a dead man haue. Thus farre hee.

America. The new worlde, or the disco∣uerye of the Gloabe of the Earth.

Page  250ALL this Hemisphaer (which is cal∣led America, and for his huge wide∣nesse, at this daye the newe worlde,) remayne vnknowen and vnmentioned of the auncientes, euen vnto the time of the yeare from Christ byrth. 1492. in the which yeare it was first disco∣uered by an Italian named Christo∣pher Columbus of Genoa, and sée∣meth to excéede in each point the mea∣sure of mans meruayles.

For when the dillygence, both of the auntientes in describing and setting foorth the whole compasse and Gloabe or the Earth, and the commonditye, and opportunitye of verye greate Em∣pires, to searche out for vnknowen Countryes, was considered, and also the cruell, gréedys, and infatiable de∣sire of mankinde, gaping for Golde and Siluer, leauing nothing vnaduentured and assayed, to the ende it might ob∣tayne, those thinges with the which those Countryes doe wonderfullye a∣bounds. I haue (not without greate cause) often meruayled, howe they coulde remaine so long vnknowne to this part of the world.

There are some that thinke, howe that this maine lande is described long since of Plato, vnder the name of Li∣tle of Atlantica, and lykewise Marci∣anus a Cicilian in his Chronicle that hée wrote of Spaine, sayeth: That there was héere founde in the Golde mines certaine olde coyne, bearing the Pictures of Augustus Caesar, & for the declaring of the truth of this matter, there was sent vnto the chiefe Bi∣shoppe of Rome, by Doctour Iohn Ru∣sus Archbishoppe of Constantine, a cer∣taine quantitye thereof. Many thinke, that Seneca stirred by with a Poeticall spirite of Prophesse, did foretell the fin∣ding out hereof, in these Propheticall vearses.

Venient annis
Saecula seres, quibus oceanus
Vincula, rerum laxes, & ingens.
Patent tellas, Thyphisque nonos
Detegat orbes,
Nec sit terris vltima Thyle,

The time will come in yeares long hence, when the Occean Seas shall loose theyr bandes of thinges, and a greate Earth shall lye open, and discouer new Countreyes to Shippe Maysters, neyther shall Thyle then be the farthest knowne land.

¶I haue left out, the counterfai∣ted Copie, reported of an∣tiquitye, as appeareth: and proceede in the true discourse.

ALL this parte of the Gloabe of the Earth, is at this daye sayled aboute, sauing that quarter, which lyeth towarde the North: whose Sea coastes, haue not as yet bene viewed ouer. From the North to the South, it falleth downe vnder the fourme of two places, almost inuironed with Water, which are diuided with a narrowe straight. That place: almost inuironed with Water, which is more Northerlye, comprehendeth now Spaine, the Prouince of Mexico, Terra florida, and Terram nouam, the new founde lande. But that which lyeth Southerlye (which the Spa∣niardes call Terra firma) containeth Perreu and Brasill. The knowledge of all which Countries, the student of Geographie, maye reade Liuius Apolonius, Peter Martyr of Mil∣laine, Maxinilian of Transiluaniae, who in the Latine tongue haue writ∣ten, &c.

Of Asia.

ASia is diuided from Europa, by the Riuer Tanaic, and also by a lyne drawen out from his fauntaines vnto Granduie, the which is a Goulph of the North De∣tean. But it is diuided from Affric, by Istmus, which is betwéene Mare Medi∣terraneum,Page  [unnumbered]tetraneum, and the gulph of Arabia, the residue, the Occean and the seas do com∣passe about.

The Auncients haue manifoldly di∣uided this, but at this day, it séemeth vn∣to be, that it may stilye be diuided into fiue parts, according vnto hir Empires, by the which she is gouerned. The first part whereof, that which ioyneth is Eu∣rope, and obayeth the great Duke of Moscouia, shall be limitted with the fro∣sen sea (with the riuer of Obil) with the lake of Bitaia, and with a lyne drawen from thence to the Caspian sea, and with Istmus, which is betwéene this sea, and Pontus Eurinus. The second shall bée that which obayeth to the great Cham, Emperour of the Tartars, whose limits from the South, are Mare Caspium, the riuer Iaxartes, the mountaine Imaus: from the East and from the North, the Occean: from the West, the Kingdome of the Duke of Moscouia, alreadye spoken of. The third part, the ofspring of ye Ot∣tomans doe occuple, and containeth what land soeuer is betwéene Pontus Euri∣nus, Mare Aegeum, (now called Archi∣pelogus) and Mare Mediterianeum, Ma∣re Aegyptum, the Gulph of Arabia and Persia, the Riuer Tigris, Mare Caspi∣um, and Istnu••: which is to be séene be∣twéene this and Pontus Eurinus. Un∣der the forth shall be comprehended the kingdome of Persia, which at this daye, is gouerned by the Sophy: It hath the Otomanus (with whom it maketh al∣most continuall warre) on the West: the Kingdome of the great Cham, on the North: and to the East, it stretcheth al∣most as farre as the riuer Indus: But on the South it is washed with the sea, which at this daye is called Mare Indi∣cum, and in times past, Mare Rubrum, the Red sea. The fifth parte shall haue the rest, which now they tearme the In∣dies, as it was also called in times past: which is not gouerned by one alone, as others are, but by many small Kings, for euerye Region thereof, hath almost his Prince: many of the which, also are fri∣butarie to the great Cham. Neither is this to be passed ouer, that certaine pla∣ces vpon the sea Coasts, which are from the gulph of Arabia, commonly called, Cabo de lampo (which thou séest to the 30. degrée of the latitude of the North,) are in manner all possessed by the Por∣tugall, or els are Tributarie vnto him.

The Ilandes which are ascribed to this Asia, among all most innumerable, these be the chiefe, Creta and Rodus, in Mare Mediterraneum: Taprobana and Zeilan in the Indian Occean, where al∣so in the remembraunce of our forefa∣thers, the Portugals discouered both the Ianae, Borneo, Celebes, Paloban, Minda∣neo, Gillano, with the Moluccis, full of spicerie. Then Iapan was found, and of late now Guinea, but this is the last: and whether it be an Ilande or fastened to the lande Antarctike, it is not eui∣dent.

Not onely among all prophane wri∣ters, as they tearme it, this parte of the earth, for the first Monarches in ye work, as of the Assyrians, Persians, Babyloni∣ans, and Medes, is greatly renowned: but also in the holy Scriptures that is more famous then the rest, for berrin not onely mankinde was created by the most blessed and almightie God: deluded and corrupted by his enimie Satan, and re∣stored by Christ our Sauiour, but also we reade that well néere all the historie of both Testaments was therein written and complete.

This Asia Strabo doth handle in sixe bookes, beginning at the 11. Ptholome setteth foorth in thrée bookes, the 5. the 6. and the 7. Likewise in 12. tables, and at∣tributeth vnto it 40. Prouinces. Of the newe Writers, none hath vniuer∣sally described it, Marcus Paulus & e∣nelan, Ludouicus Vartomannus, and Iohn Mandeuile, (but manye Fables are set downe of him) haue written so much of it, as they knewe worthye of knowledge trauailing ouer those Coun∣treyes, &c.

Of Affrica.

THE auncients haue diuided this ma∣ny wayes, at this daye, as Iohn Leo writeth, diuided it into foure partes, to wit, Barbaria, Numidia, Libia, and the Page  251〈…〉, of the Negroes, 〈…〉 which they thinke the 〈◊〉 they 〈…〉〈…〉 with the sea Atlantic,snd the middle earth sea called Mediterra∣neo, with the 〈◊〉 Atlas, and with 〈◊〉 Countrey bordering upon Ae∣gypt〈…〉which of the inhabitants is called Beledi〈…〉da, and Bringeth foorth Dates, (wherevpon, of the Arabi∣ans it hath none other name) but the Date bearing Countrey) is ••••tted on the West, with the sea Atlantic; & on the North with the mount Atlas, to∣ward the East, it runneth out to Eloa∣eat, a Citie, n. hundred miles distaunt from Aegypt: ye desarts of Lybia, are on the South sides thereof. And as for Ly∣bia, it is the thirde parte 〈◊〉 called in the Arabian toongue Sarra, which word sig∣nifieth as much as Desart▪ it beginneth: towards the East, at the riuer Nilus: 〈◊〉 from thence it goeth Westward to the Sea Atlantic & Numidia lyeth in the North side thereof: Southward it ioyn∣eth it selfe to the Negroes, the name bee∣ing taken, either of ye inhabitants, which are of blacke colour, or els of the Riuer Nigris, which passeth through this coun∣trey. This hath on the North side, Li∣bia: on the South side, the Aethiopian sea: on the West, the Kingdome of Gua∣latae: and on the East, the Kingdome of Goagae. We are to consider, that in this manner they knit vp all Africa, with the middle lande sea, which is Mare Mediterraneo, with the Sea At∣lantic, also with the Aethiopian sea, and with the riuer of Nilus, of whence both Aegypt and Aethiopia be ascribed to A∣sia: which notwithstanding properly I thinke good to ioyne to Affric. For Ae∣thiope indéede at this day doth containe, the Empire of Presbiter Iohn, which of all new Writers is assigned to be ioi∣ned to Affrica: and I thinke with Pto∣lome, it is conuenient, that it ought ra∣ther to bée lymitted with the middle earth and Occean sea, than with a Ri∣uer, and it shall haue the forme of A pe∣na insula, ioyned to Asia, with an Ist∣mus or straight of lande, which is be∣twéene the middle earth sea, & the gulph of Arabia.

The South parte héereof, was not héeretofore and we of the Auncientes, vntill the yeare of Christ. Anno 1497. when Vasco de Gama passed first with 〈…〉 & no ••• daunger by the Promentorie or good hope, otherwise ter∣med Bona spei,•••aylyng Abbt Af∣frica ••• to Cal••u. This parte of the Persians and Arabians is called Zanzibar.

••• he said Promentorie of good hope, the inhabitaunts are very blacke, which I thinke méete to speake off (because all then thinke that the heate, and néerenesse of the Sunne is the onely cause of theyr blacknesse. It is euident, that it is lesse hot héere, than it is at the sea of Mage∣lan) if in respect of the dissaunte of Hea∣uen we will measure the heat of ye place, where notwithstanding, they are sayd to be very white: and if we will attribute this blacknes to the burning of ye Sunne, we are to consider how the Spaniards, and the Italians, and other Nations in the South parte, haue theyr bodies so white, forasmuch as they are, as farre from the Equinoctiall lyne, as are the sayd inhabitaunts of the Promentory of good hope: the one being towarde the South, the other toward the North.

They which liue vnder Preter Iohn, are brownish, but they which inhabit Zey∣lan, and Malabar are very blacke, vnder one selfe same distance from the Aequa∣tor, and vnder the seene Paralell of hea∣uen. But a man maye more meruayle at this, that in all America, there are found no blacke men, sauing a fewe in a place, which they call Quareca. What then is the efficient cause of this colour? It can be no otherwise, but either the drinesse of heauen, or of the earth, or perchaunce a certaine vnknowen pro∣pertie of the soyle, or a certayne reason hidden properlie in Nature vnknowen vnto man, or altogether vnperteiued.

But these things I leaue to be conside∣red of the searchers out of the nature of things.

This Countrey of the Gréekes is cal∣led Lybia, of the Latins Africa, because it is without the extremitie of tolde.

Or (if we beléeue Iosephus, it is so cal∣led Page  [unnumbered] of Afer, one of ye posteritie of Abra∣ham). Another reason of the name, thou shalt finde in Iohn Leo.

The nobler parts of this Iland (for I thinke it not necessarie to set downe all héere by name) séeing they are to bée seene in the Mappe or table, are Mada∣gascar, and the Ilande which they call Canariae, likewise that which they call commonly, Capo Verdo (of Vividis) as also of Saint Thomas, scituated vnder the Equinoctiall, which is rich in Su∣gar.

Among the Auncients, none hath per∣ticularly described this Countrey: But thereof read in the nauigation of Hanno, of Africa, and of Iacobus in Diodo∣rus Siculus. Of the fresher Writers, read Aloysius Cadamostus, Vascus de Gama, Frauncis Aluares, which trauailed ouer all Aethiope: but of all other Ioannes Leo, hath most diligently described it Io∣an Barrius doth also promise, & volume of Africa. Of Nilus the greatest Riuer in all the world, there are letters extant, of Ioan Baptist Ramuseus and Hiero∣nymi Fracastorius.

Of Europe.

EUrope, whereof it tooke this name, or who hath béene the Authour of the name, it is not yet knowen: vnlesse we say it took the name of Europa Tyria, as sayth Herodotus, in his fourth booke.

Plynie nameth this the nurse of a peo∣ple conquerour of all Nations, and the goodlyest lande in the worlde: sometime compared to Asia and Africa, not in great¦nesse, but in manhood. It is certaine, that forasmuch as Europa is well inhabited, it is not much inferiour to any of them both, in abundance of people. The Nor∣therly and Westerly side héereof, is wa∣shed with the Occean: the South side, is seuered from Africa, with Mare Medi∣terraneum (the middle earth sea). After∣ward towards the East (as Glarean te∣stifieth) Europe is diuided from Asia, with the sea Egeam (now called Archi∣pelagus) with the sea Euxinum, (at this daye called Mare maggiore) with ye ma∣reys Meotide, (at this daye called, Mare delle Zabacobe) with the riuer Tanais, (commonly called Don) and with Ist∣mus, which from the fountaines wher∣of, lyeth strayght North and by this meanes, it hath the forme of Apeni in∣sulae, or a lande lyke an Ilande, an maye be séene in the Map. The head héereof is Rome, sometime the conquerour of all the world.

The Countreys thereof, as we call them at this daye, are Spaine, Fraunce, Germany, Italy, Slauonia, Grecia, Hun∣garia, Polonia, with Lithuania, Mosco∣uia, or more significately Russia, and that Peni Insula, whereon standeth Norue∣gia, Suedia, and Gothia. Of the Ilands thereof, first presents it selfe Englande, Ireland, Grenland, Friseland, placed in the Occean sea. In the middle lande sea, she hath Citilia, Sardinia, Corsica, Can∣dia, Maideira, Minorica, Corphu, Negro∣pont, and other meaner Ilandes. The names and scituations of euery which, the Map doth vnfolde.

This our Europe hath besides the Romane Empire ouer the whole earth,* 28. Kingdomes, besides if thou adde vn∣to them the 14. which Damianos Agoi∣es doth recken in Spaine alone, being Kingdomes in generall, that haue recei∣ued the Christian Religion: which is fertill beyond measure, hauing a natural temperature, and aire calme inough, not to be accounted inferiour to any other, in plants of all kinde of graine, wine, and trées, but to be compared to the best re∣gions. So pleasant, and beautified with goodly Cities, Townes, and Uillages, that albeit she be lesse in forme, than o∣ther parts of the Earth: yet she is coun∣ted the better, and alwayes hath bene so accepted, for mens manhoode of all aun∣cient writers most of all renowned, as wel for the Empire of the Macedonians, as especiallye for the might of the Ro∣manes, the commendation thereof maye be séene in Strabo, which hath very well set hir foorth in his third book, and in the seauenth booke following. Looke also in∣to other Geographers, of the later & most approued Writers: among other, which haue gone about to describe Europe, are Volateranus, Sebastian Munster, Do∣minic Page  252 Niger, George Rithaymerus, in their Geographies, but peculiarly Pius the 11. Christopherus, and Ancelmus Cellae.

Cherubinus stella, Ioannes Herba∣ceus, & George Meyer, hath put in wri∣ting manye iourneyes, almost over all Europe, and haue noted the distaunces of places. The same hath William Gra∣arolus, done in the ende of his booke, which is intituled, De regimme iter a∣gentium, The Regiment of wayfaring men. Thus much foorth of Ottelius.

Of India.

WEll néere all writers, with one con∣sent doe teach, that India is the no∣blest part of the whole globe of ye earth: and that there is no greater Countrey comprehended vnder one name. It is so called of the riuer Indus. The space of India, according to Strabo and Pliny, is closed in the West with the Riuer In∣dus: on the North, with the hill Tau∣rus: and the East, with the East season the West, with his owne sea, to wit, with the Indian sea. It is diuided into two Countryes, the Riuer Ganges run∣ning betwéene: one of which, that is Westerly, is called within Ganges: the other, that lyeth more to the East, is sur∣named, without Ganges. In the holye Scripture we read, that the one is called Euila, and the other Seria, as Niger te∣stifieth, Marcus Paulus of Uenice séem∣eth to deuide it into thrée, into the more, the lesse, and the middlemost: which he saith, is called Abasia.

All this India, is not onely happie, for the great store of people and townes almost innumerable, but also for the a∣bundaunce of all things, copper and lead onely excepted, if we giue credite to Pli∣nie. As the riuers there are very many, so are they very great, through whose watry ouerflowing it commeth to passe, that in the moyst grounde, the force of the Sunne approaching, ingendreth or bringeth foorth all things in great quan∣titie: and seemeth almost to fill the whole worlde, with Spice and Precious stoanes. Of which, it aboundeth more than all other Countreyes of the worlde.

There are manye Ilandes ioyning vnto it, héere and there scattered in hir Occean; so that worthely a man may at hir, the worlde of Ilands. First of all, therein is Iapan, which is called of Marcus Paulus the Uenetian, Zipan∣gri: which for that fewe yeares past, it was not knowen of manye, I thinke good in this place to speake some-what of it.

The Ilande stretcheth farre abroad, and hath almost the same eleuation, of heauen, that Italy heere in Europe hath. The Inhabitaunts are very denout, bée∣ing much giuen to Religion, learning, and wiseddine, and are very earnest ser∣chers out of the truth. They vse nothin•• more than prayer, which after our man∣ner; they exercise in their Churches.

They acknowledge one Prince, vpon whose rule and becke they doe depende: but he also, hath one aboue him, called of them Voo, in whose power is the greatest authoritie of holy things, and Religion: perhaps, the one maye be ly∣kened to the Pope, the other to the Em∣perour, to him the common people doe commit with all rarence, the saluati∣on of their soules. They adore one God alone, portrayed with thrée heads, wher∣of notwithstanding, they are able to giue no reason. They studie to kéepe downe their bodies with fasting, for a testimonye of repentaunce. They fence themselues with the signe of the Crosse, against the inuasions of the Diuell, as we doe: so that both in Religion, and also in manner of life, they séeme to fol∣lowe Christians.

There are also the worthy Ilands of Moluccus, renowned for the fruiteful∣nesse of spices, and famous for the Birde of them called Manucodiata, which wée call the Bird of Paradise, Sumatra, is al∣so an Iland knowen of the auncients, in times past tearmed Taprobana. There are manye other, as Iaua Maior, and Minor, Bornio, Timor, and others, all which are to bée séene in the Carde, or Mappe.

Page  [unnumbered]These Indius the Auncients haue sit with with great praises, Diodorus Sio••∣lus, Herodotus, Pliny, Strabo, Oute••••, and Aianos in the life of Alexander the great. There is •••ant, also letter of Alexander the great, written to Ari∣stotle, touching the scituation of India. Of the late Writers, ••udouicus Varto∣manus, Maxihan•• de Transiluanus, o∣anues Barteus, in his Decades of Asia, and Cosmas Indopleates, whome Petrus Gellius reciteth Ipan Macer a Lawyer hath also written thrée bookes of the Hi∣stores of India.

The Empire of Turkie.

WE haue gathered for the reader, out of the Historigraphers of our time, in these few worde, the originall and in∣crease of the Turkish Empire, and howe by litle and litle, it hath growen to this greatnesse, wherin at this day it séemeth to threaten vs. In the yere after Christs birth 1300. one Ottoman a Turke, the sonne of Ziclius, a man of bae estate, be∣gan among the Turkes, so haue air & dignitie, for his wit and skillfulnesse in martiall prow••e. This man gaue name so the family of the Turkish Emperors and first appointed their king. And in 8. yeares in which he ruled, he an Bithi∣nta, and Cappadoeia, and possessed eye many strong places, ieng vpon Mre Ponticum His sonne Orolianes succeeded him, who sacked Prusia, a very dia••cio tie, and rade it the head of his kingdome. The ••. years of his reign: e fighting with ill successe; was slaine by the Mace∣tarians and left his sonne Amuramasim beare rule: who being sent for by the Gréekes being at variance, was the first that came out of ••• into Europe. Hée tooke Callipolis, and Cherronesus, and ouer came Abyous. When the Cities as Philipopolis and Hadrianapolis were brought vnder his subiection, & that er∣ua and Bulgaria were taken from vs, entering into the vppermost Mysia, hée dyed, being striken with a dagger, the 23. yeare of his Empire. Whose Sonne Ba••zotes, when his brother was stayne, did set vpon the greatest part of Thrace, subdued well néere all Gréece, and Pho∣cs, a ••••• of Bulgaria but being ouer∣come by T••eberlane, di•• without re∣nome. When the Father was taken, Clepinus his sonne tooke rule in hand, and when he had quite ouerthrowen, Si∣gismond in battaile, ••• had begun to spoyle the borders of the Emperour of Constantinople, dyed in the verye floure of his age when he had borne rule side yeares. Mahomeis after him tooke rule in hand, which made very sharpe warre, vpon the ldiathians, subdued the most part of Sclaudnia, first passed ouer the riuer Danubius, brought Maceonia in∣to thraldome, and came as farre as the Ionian sea, remouing his royall seate out of Bithinsa, he placed it in Hedrianapo∣lis, where he dyed the 14. yeare of his Empire. Afterward Amurathes the se∣cond, tooke vpon him the o•••te of rule, who wan Epirus, Aetolia, Achaia, Ber∣lia, Attica and Thesialonica, & citie ••b∣iect to the Uenetians, Him succeedeth Mahomtes the seconde, who destroyed Athens, and wa•• Constantinople, by assault the 29. day of May, Antio, Do••. 145. he brought vnder his subiection, the Empire Trapesuntindeth, he took Co∣rinth, he subdued by warre the Ilandes of Lemnus, Euborae, and Mitylene, and ouercome Capha, a Citie of the Gen∣wayes: he ruled 32. yeares. Bagaztes the second made warre against the e∣netians, & tooke from them Paupactise, Methona, and Dirrahium, and spoiled all Dalmatia, and at the last died with poy∣son. His sonne Zelimus toke rule in hand, who after he had ouercome Alchair, a ve∣rie strong Citie in Aegypt, and slayne Sultan, he brought Alexandela and all Aegypt vnder his Empire, and tooke Da∣mascus, Soliman the onely some of Ze∣limus, succéeded his Father, wannBel∣gradum, seeke Buda the Kings Citie, in Hungary, spoyled Sirigonium, and well néere all Hungary. He gofe the Ile of Rhodes by yéelding, and ouerthrewe Quinq & Ecclesias, the •••• Churches.

When the Citie Iula was taken, he besieged Zigothum, and died in the assault: which Citie his son Zelimus the second, heire of the Empire spoiled in Page  [unnumbered]Page  [unnumbered]

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Page  253 the yeare 1566. And in this manner vn∣der 11. Emperours, they subdued vnto themselues by Turkish tiranny in 260. yeares, a great part of Affrica, a greater part of Europe, and the greatest parte of Asia. But he that desireth a fuller know∣ledge of these histories, let him read Pau∣lus Iouius, Christopher Richerius of Sene, Cuspinianus, Baptista Ignatius, Gilbertus Nozorenus, Andreas Lacuna, Pius the 2. in his 4. chapter of Europe, and other writers of Turkish matters. Laonicus Chalcendilas hath most dili∣ligently set out ye originall of ye Turke, and the offspring of the Ottomans.