Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Scotia. chap. 154.

THe land Scotia hath ye name of Scotis, that dwell therein, and is a long stretching Countrye, as it were furlong in the Ilande of Britaine: and is depar∣ted from North Englande with riuers and armes of the Sea, and is closed a∣bout with the Occean in either side: and is also departed from Ireland with the sea Occean and the same nation that was sometime first in Ireland, and all accor∣ding thereto in tongue, in manners, and in kinde. The men are light of heart, fierce and couragious on their enimyes. They loue nigh as well death as thral∣dome, and they account it for slouth to die in bed, and a great worship and ver∣tue to die in a field fighting against eni∣mies: The men bée of scarce liuing, and many suffer hunger long time, and eate seld before the Sunne going downe, and vse flesh, milke meats, fish, & fruits, more then Britons: and vse to eate the lesse bread, and though the men bée séemelye though of figure and of shape, and faire of face generally by kinde, yet their owne Scottish clothing disfigure them full muth. And Scots be sayd in their owne tongue of bodies painted, as it were cut and slit: For in olde time they were marked with diuers figures and shapes in their flesh and skinne, made with y∣ron pricks, as Isidore sayth, lib. 9. cap. de Vocabilis gentium. And because of med∣deling with English men, many of them haue chaunged the old manners of Scots into better manners for the more parte, but the wilde Scots and Irish account greate worshippe to follow their forefa∣thers in clothing, in tongue, and in liuing, and in other manner dooing: And de∣spise some deale the vsages of other men, in:cōparison to their owne vsage. And so each laboureth to be aboue, they detract and blame all other, and enuye all other: they deriue all other, and blame all other mens manners, they be not ashamed to lye: and they repeite no man, of what na∣tion, bloud, or puissaunce so euer hée bée, to be hardie and valiant but themselues, they delight in their owne: they loue not peace. In that land is plenteous ground, merry woodes, moist riuers and welles, many flockes of beastes. There be earth tillers for quantity of the place inow:and is not unequall to the land of Britaine, as Herodotus saith. And is a sage insear∣cher of the worlde, as Plinius saith.

Looke before in Hibernia in litiera H. There Isidore saith the same of Ireland, in many things.

(*Scotia, Scotland, the part of Brita∣nia from the Riuer of Twéede to Ca∣tanes: Page  245Scot, Scots, or Scottish men, of whome Saint Hierome writeth in this wise: Quid loqua de caeteris nationi∣bus, quum ipse adolescen tulus in Gallia viderim Scotos, gentem Britanuicam humanis vesci carnibus, & quum per syluas porcorium greges, & armentorū, pecudumque reperiant, pastorum nates, & foeminarum papillas solere abscinde∣re, & has solas ciborum delitias arbitra∣ri? What shall I speak of other nations, since that when I was a boye, I sawe in Fraunce, Scots, & people of Britaine, cut mans flesh, and when they found in the forrests heards of Swine, beasts, and cat∣tell, they would cut off the buttockes of the baies which kept them, and also the womens paps, and tooke that to be ye most daintie and delicate meate. Notwithstan∣ding the Scottes were in S. Hieromes time, which is néere 1195. yeares past, af∣ter the computation in Lanquet, so rude a people. It seemeth although they be not all come home to constancie, yet are they now abhorrours of such humans spoile, and tractable inough with good gouerne∣ment.)