Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Romana prouintia, cap. 128.

THe prouince of Romanes, as Varro sayth, is nigh containing of all the world wide, whersoeuer were any coun∣tries and lands that men dwell in. For might and power of the Romanes sub∣dued all the parts of the world wide, and there was no corner of the world wide, but it felt the sword fo ye hoast of Rome, as he saith. But sometime a part of Ita∣ly was called Romulea in olde time, and had that name of Romulus, that builded the Citie of Rome, and gaue the name to the men and to the Citie, as Isi. saith li. 15. And there it is sayde, that the Coun∣trie was first called Saturnia, & had that name of Saturnus ye king, ye first tought men of that countrie to till land: and for the passing plentie that they had, they called him Saturnus, and worshipped him at the last, as it were a God, among the starres. And afterwards they were called Latini, and had that name of La∣tinus the King, which after they were called Romani of Romulus that inlarg∣ed and fortified the Citie. And there af∣ter they were called Quirites, for ye Ro∣mulus was called Quirinus, for he vsed alwaye a speare that is called Quirie in the language of Sabins, as Isi: saith lib. 9. cap. 1. de gentium non-inatione. A pen may not write at full the praising of this kingdome, and of the Kings thereof, nei∣ther a booke may containe at full, ye great déedes of Romanes. Who that hath ly∣king to know their déeds, read he in the first booke Machabeorurt. & or here de wonders shortly rehearsed at their ver∣tues and of their might.

(*Romulus, as the Romane stories af∣firme, the sonne of Mars by Isia yt daugh∣ter of Numitor, but more berely ye son of Amuhus his great b••h with of pur∣poses ranished Illa in the darke, being a virgin actuall, to haue asquartall to put on to death: for king Numitor, h•• a brother named Amulius, of nature wic∣ked, fleirs and cruell, who not ••ving con∣tent to take the kingdome from his el∣der brother and cast him in prison, did also murdere his sonne Laulus; and vnder colour of honour, made his daughter Ila a virgin vestall, vnder the hands of per∣petuall Page  241 chastitie, that she might not haue any issue. But the being afterward found with childe by Mars, as the Romanes would haue men beléeue, was delyuered of two somies: which Amulius com∣maunded to be cast into Tyber, & theyr mother according to the lawe of the Ue:stalls to be baried quicke. Is it happe∣ned at that time the riuer of Tiber was swollen ouer the banckes, so that men could not come to the déepe of the chan∣nell: wherefore they that had the charge of drowning the children, cast them into the land floud, where the water sodain∣ly falling, lefte them aliue, and so were they founde by Faustulus ye Kings, shep∣hard, who brought them home to be kept and nourished, of his wife Laurensia, which because she was a strumpet, was named of the shepheards Lupa, whereof rose the Fable, that the founders of the Romane Citie, were nourished of a the Woolfe. When these children came af∣terwards to age, being instructed by Fau∣stulus of their stocke, and beginning, they gathered a bande of shepheardes, killed Amulius, restored Nursitor to his kingdome, and on the mount, Palatine, where they were brought vp, began to builde them a newe Citie. And because they were Twinnes both of one age, there fell controuersis betwéene them, which should giue name to theyr newe Citie: This contention so grewe, from words to tumult and strokes, that in the vickering Rhemus was slaine, although the more common opinion be, that hée was put to death, because that scornful∣ly he lept ouer the newe walles of the Citie.

Romulus being then king alone, peo∣pled his Citie by erecting a Sanctuarie, for sauegarde of all transgressours, that would come thether: ordained an hun∣dred Senatours, called Fathers: procu∣red wiues for his people, by rape of all the maydens of the Countrey, resorting thether, to solempne gaines and playes: ouercame the people of Cenina, and slewe their King: vanguished the Sa∣bines & people of Atemna, and receiued them into his Citie. with other diuers valiant actes. Which when he had done, on a time calling an Assemblye, at the Marrice called Caprea, in a great Tem∣pest sodainly was gone, no man coulde tell how: as it was thought, for his stearne gouernment murdered priuelye of the Senatours, who to please the People, fained that he was a God, and named him Quirinus. Under which name, the Romanes euer after wor∣shipped him.)