Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Amazonia. chap. 12.

AMazonia, womens land, is a Coun∣try, parte in Asia, and parte in Euro∣pa, and i nigh Albania, and hath that name of Amazonia, of women yt were the wiues of the men that were called Goths, yt which men went out of the ne∣ther Scithia, as Isidore saith li. 9. & were cruelly slaine, and then their wiues tooke their husbands armour and weapon, and téesed on the enimies with manly heart, & tooke wreake of the death of their hus∣bands. For with dent of woord they flew all the young meles, and olde men and children, and saued the females, and de∣parted prayes, and purposed to liue euer after without companye of males. And by ensample of theyr husbandes that had alway two kings ouer them, these women ordeyned them two Quéenes, that one was called Marsephia, and that other Lampeta, that one shoulde tra∣uaile with an hoast and fight against e∣nimyes, and that other should in ye meane time gouerne and rule the communal∣ties. And they were made so fierce war∣riours in short time, that they had a great parte of Asia vnder theyr Lordshippe nigh an hundred yeares, among them they suffred no male liue neither abide in no manner wise. But of nations yt were nigh to them they chose hus bandes be∣cause of children, and went to them in times that were ordeined, and conceiued children, and when the time was done that was ordeined to the office of con∣ception: then they would compell theyr louers to go from them, & get other pla∣ces to abide in, & would slay their sons, or sende them to theyr Fathers in cer∣taine times. And they saued their daugh∣ters, & taught them to shoot and to hunt. And for the shot of arrowes should not be let with great breasts, in the seauenth Page  [unnumbered] yeare (as it is sayde) they burnt off their breasts, and therefore they were called, Amazones, that is to vnderstand with∣out breasts, as Isidore sayeth lib. 9. In olde tune men called them, Vnimam∣mat. And as it is said, Hercules adaun∣ted first the fiercenesse of them, and then Achilles: but that was more by friend∣ship than by strength, as it is contay∣ned in déedes and doing of Greekes, and the Amazones wer destroyed & brought to death by great Alexander〈…〉 the story of Alexander sayth not so but it is sayd, that Alexander demaunded tri∣bute of the Quéene of Amazons, and she wrote to him againe by messengers, in this manner.

Of thy wit I wonder, that thou pur∣posest to fight with women, for if For∣tune be on out side, and if it happen that thou be ouercome, then art thou shamed for euermore, when thou art ouercome of women: and if our Gods be wroth with vs, and thou ouercommest vs, it shall turne thée to little worship, that thou hast the mastrie of women.

The noble King wondred on hir an∣swere, and said, that it is not séemely to ouercome women with sword and with woodenesse, but rather with fairnesse and with loue, & therefore he graunted them fréedome, and made them subiect to his Empire, not with violence, but with friendship and with loue.