Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Cauerna. chap. 57.

CAuerna is earth or lande digged and made hollowe, and hath that name of Cauando, digging and making hol∣lowe. For some parts of the earth be dig∣ged and made hollowe and departed a∣sunder with créeping wormes & beasts or with thrusting of parts, or with voy∣daunce and out casting. And in cauerns Mice and créeping wormes take theyr dennes and neasts, and flye therto, when they sée and dread perill or harme with∣out. Also to hollownesse of trées and of stones, sometime birds and foules flie, as Culuours and Turtles, when they dread the Egle and the hawke, comming in the aire. Also hedghoges, connies, and hares to hollowe stones, when they heare houndes, and knowe that hunters come. Also in holow holes and dens of the earth and of trées, Bées make honny, and some manner of foules make ther their neasts and lurke therein. Also in hollow dens lie Adders and Serpents that hurt and sting with venimous biting, man and beast, that come nigh to such dens. And more∣ouer when the earth is hollowe and full of dennes, it shaketh oft and mooueth by winds that come therein, that filleth the dens, and gendereth earth shaking there∣in, as Aristotle saith.