Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of a Ditch. chap. 55.

DItch is called Fossa, and hath that name of Fodiendo, deluing: for it is a place made déep by strength and craft, and with wit of deluers mooued: And the more the lande is arreared aboue the brinke, the déeper the Ditch is within: And the more high and déepe the Ditch is, the more harde and perillous it is to passe ouer: for a man may soone fall ther∣in, and after the falling it is harde to a∣rise and come out of the Ditch, as Gre∣gory saith. Therefore also Ierome saith. super Ez. 19. yt a lion is taken in a ditch: for in the bottome of a ditch is a sheep or a Goat put, and by the smell thereof the Lyon commeth into the ditch because of pray: But when he is therein, he is there helde, that he may not go thence. Also by the ditch in the one side is a place digged, as it were a den: and therin is set a trap, as it were a coffer, ye closeth soone, and is hard to open. And when the lion seeth yt he may not passe out of ye first ditch, he drea∣deth Page  [unnumbered] the comming of the hunter, and go∣eth into the second ditch, and is closed in the trap that is ordeined there: and so he is taken and held prisoner, as Hierome saith. Also ditches be néedfull, for with ditches cities and castles be strengthned against enimies. Also place of lands and bounds of mansiōs be departed with dit∣ches. And some ditches be full of water: and therein is fish nourished & créeping wormes of diuers kind. Therfore a ditch is called Fouea, as it were féeding and nourishing of liuing water. For in dit∣ches is water nourished and kept, both running and standing Water. Nowe come brookes therein, and now raine, and now well heads and streames of spring∣ing water spring and rise therein. And oft a ditch is the chiefe strength and suc∣cour of all fortresses, walled townes and castles, when the Ditch is arayed in good order in bredth, in length, in highnesse, & in deepnesse: to a place that is so streng∣thened is no comming, but if men passe ye ditch with filling and stopping, or by boate, or by bridge, as Hierome sayth.