Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of a Valley. chap. 47.

A Ualley is lowe landes set betwéene mountaines, as Isidore sayth. And a valley receiueth and beareth the water that commeth of streames, & of wells: and so valleies be moisted with streames that come out of mountaines. And by shed∣ding therof they bée endowed with flow∣ers, hearbs, and fruits, and with greene twigges and branches, and be shadowed by rearing and highnesse of hills, and of downes. Also in vallies is most méeting & gathering, and rebounding of Sunne beames: And therefore more hotter im∣pressions be gendered in valleies then in mountaines. And also snow melteth soo∣ner in valleies then in mountaines, & by shedding thereof, the places that be nigh be wette and moyst, as Macrobius saith. And therefore valleyes bée déemed by as∣saye, hotte, trowblye, thicke, and vapo∣rous. Men that dwell in valleyes bée oft times gréeued with hot euills: and moyst, as Constantine sayth. Houses that stande in valleyes, bée lesse gréeued with weathers then houses that stand in mountaines. For mountaines stande be∣twéene & defend the valleies from strong reefes of weather and stormes. Also men that dwell in valleyes be seldome gréeued with earth shaking. And the cause is, for in valleyes the partes of the grounde be set and thrust and cleaue stronglye toge∣ther. Therefore the winde maye not ea∣silye thirle those partes, and come into such grounde. For those partes bée not hollowe neyther full of hoales. There∣fore they mooue not nor wagge with strength of winde, that commeth there∣in, as Aristotle sayth.

Also filth and vncleannesse commeth into valleyes, and abideth there long time: for the aire that is in valleies is soo∣ner rising of great smoakie vapours and of mist then in mountaines. And so the parts of the valleies are more déeper to∣ward the centre, then of mountaines, and are more farther from the circumference of heauen. Also in valleies for great com∣ming of water, sme and sen be heaped together, and make so great marreis and mires that they be hard for to passe, and by reason thereof passages ouer are found with greate difficultie. Also for plenty of humour, grasse and hearbes growe most in valleies, willowes, & other trées, with∣out fruite growen in valleyes, more then in mountaines.