Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of a downe. chap. 46.

A Downe is a little swelling or area∣ring of earth, passing the plaine ground, and not reaching to highnesse of an hill. For a downe is lower then an hill, and higher then the plaine: And is called Tumulus, as it were swelling lande, as Isidore sayeth: and so ofte a down is the foot of an hill. For by downs oft we goe vp to high hills. And downes are called Colles, and haue that name of Colendo, tilling. For they be tilled with lesse trauaile then hills. And men dwell in them sooner then in hills: and they re∣ceiue sooner the good aire and heate of the Sun, then the lower lands: and therefore fruit ripeth sooner in downes.

Also downes be more bedewed and be∣rained then valletes: therefore fruit that groweth in downes is more swéete and sauourie, then fruit that groweth in val∣leies. Downes be meane betwéene the lowest plaines of the lande, & the highest Page  210 toppes of hills: therefore aire is more thicker and greater in downes, and more hot then in hills, and more small & cléere then in valleyes. For downes receiue of the ouer bodies, more cleane and noble impressions and influence, then in val∣leyes. And therefore fruit, hearbes, and grasse that grow in downes, be better & more wholsome then those that grow in valleies, and in other places, as Constan∣tine saith. Also downes take sooner ye shi∣ning of the Sunne beames, and swifter moisting of the clowdes, then valleyes. Also from mountaines vpon the downs, come downe brookes and streames, and after from downes they runne to val∣leies and fields.