Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the lake Asphalti. ca. 13.

THere is a lake, that is called Lacus Asphalti, and is also called the dead sea, for his greatnesse and deepnesse, for he breedeth nor receiueth nothing that hath lyfe. Therfore he hath neither fish∣es nor foules, but whensoeuer thou wol∣dest haue drowned therin any thing that hath lyfe with any crast or gin, anone it plungeth and commeth again vp, though it be strongly thrust downward, it is a∣none smitten vpward, and it moueth not with the winde, for glewe withstan∣deth winde and stormes, by the which glew all water is snt. And therin may no ship row nor sayle, for all thing that hath no life sinketh down to the ground. Page  [unnumbered] Nor he sustaineth no kinde, but it bée glewed, and a lanterne without his light sinketh therein as he telleth, and a lan∣terne with light fléeteth aboue. This place is called Lacus asphalti, the place of glew, or it is called Mare salinarum: and is in Iurie betwéene Iericho & Za∣chan. The length thereof stretcheth euen to Zoroas of Arabia, vii. C. lxxx. fur∣longs in length: and the bredth thereof stretcheth a C. furlongs, or vs{que} a vicina Sodomorum. Huc vs{que} Isid. lib. 13. ca. 3. De lacu & stagnis. As the master saith in Historijs 3. ca. de subuersione Sodo∣morū, in sine, this lake casteth vp blacke clots of glewe, and therefore it is called Lacus Asphaltides. In the brim thereof trées grow, the apples wherof be gréene till they be ripe. & if ye cut them when they be ripe, ye shall finde ashes within them. And thereof Iosephus saith, Fabu∣la terrae Sodomorum fidem, &c. And so it is sayd in Glosa super 2. pe. ca. super locum illum, Ciuitates Sodomorum in cinerem redigens, seruare voluit Domi∣nus regionem, contra positam speciem pressione pene. And there growe most faire apples, that make men that sée thē, haue liking to eate of them, and if one take them, they fade and fall in ashes, & smoke as though they were burning.

(*Asphaltites or Asphaltum, a lake of Syria, called Mare mortuum: therein is the lime mixt wt brimstone, called Bi∣tumen or Asphaltum, wherein no liuely thing can drowne. Some suppose, that in that place stood the Cities of Sodoma and Gomorrha.)