Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of a Storke. chap. 8.

A Storke is a water fowle, and purg∣eth hir selfe with his owne bill: For when she séeleth hir selfe griened with much meate, she taketh Sea water in hir bill, and putteth it in at hir har∣der hole, and so into hir guttes, and that water suitneth the hardnesse of ye meat, and biting the guts causeth them to put superfluities. Also this bird easeth egs of Adders and Serpentes, and beareth them for best meate to hir birdes, as I∣sidore saith. And this bird is called Si∣conia, as it were Sicannia, for he smiteth or flappeth with his bill, and maketh a noyse as it were with a Cane or a great Réeds, as he saith. Also he is messenger of springing time, and in hir comming, betokeneth noueltie of time, and is ene∣mie to Adders and Serpents, and beat∣eth and slayeth them with hir bill, and sometime swalloweth and deuoureth them, and haunteth and loueth company of men, and therefore they make theyr neasts on houses that men dwell in, & they leane not lightly their first neaste, except they be compelled. But ere they go into other countries against Winter, they fill their neasts with earth, & draw the twigges and thornes of their neasts with fenne, that no tempest of winde should breake it nor throw it downe in Winter, and in hir comming againe in springing time, she occupieth the same place, and defendeth the neast from other that would occupy it: while the female liueth the male accompanieth not with 〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered] another with seruice of Venus, but kée∣peth truely to hir in neast and in office of generation. And if the male espieth in any wise, yt the female hath broke spouse∣hood, she shall no more dwell with him, but he beateth and striketh hir with his bill, and slaieth hir if he may, as Aristo. saith. The male treadeth not the female but in the neast: and in sitting on brood, the male and the female chaunge times, and loue their birds, & kéepe them with right great affection, and for busie sitting vppon them, their fethers fall, and when the male trauayleth about meate, the fe∣male sitteth in the neast, and againward. And when the male commeth home, the female flyeth out for meate, and then the male sitteth on the neast, as Ambrose saieth. Storkes flye ouer the Sea, in flockes, and flye together into hot coun∣tries, and in their passing, Crowes flye with them, & passe before them, as it wer leading the Storkes, and withstand with all their might, fowles yt hate Storkes, as it is sayd in Exameron. And though storkes eate venemous beasts, as frogs, Adders and serpents, and other such, yet neuerthelesse the venime ouercommeth not, neither chaungeth their kinde, but is to them féeding and nourishing, that is venimous to men and to other beasts: for by vertue of heate, that hath mastrie within them, the mallice of venime is quenched. Also when their birdes are haught, they haue féete, legges, and bills full blacke, as Swans haue, but ye black∣nesse passeth away lyttle and lyttle. And the more olde they were, the more redde they haue legs, féete & bills.

(*A Storke is in shape like vnto the Heron, but more biggeriall white sauing the top of his wings: his bill and legs red. Naturally he is enimie to ye serpents and killeth them: when they be olde, their young féedeth them, and prouideth meate for them. These bréed in Germa∣ny, on the house tops, & as it is said, of e∣uery third brood, they put forth one yoūg, to the honour of the houses, whereon they bréede.)