Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of a Curlewe. chap. 7.

CUrlewes are called Cotumices, and haue that name of the sownd of the voyce. And be certaine birdes, that the Gréekes call Ortigias, for they wer first séene in the lande that is called Ortigia, as Isidore saith. These birdes haue cer∣taine times of comming, and make and lead flockes, and they dread the Gosse∣hawke, and while they sée the Goshauk, they arise not from the earth: & therefore they be called Ortigometra. Also these birds haue guides and leaders as cranes haue: and for they dread the Goshauke, they are busie to comforte the lea∣ders, by the which leaders they be ware and warned of their perill and harme, that they be not taken with the Gosse∣hawke.* Onely those birdes haue ye fal∣ling euill, as as a man hath, and the spa∣rowes also. And they passe the Sea, and when they be wearie, they fall downe vpon the water, and rest vppon the one wing, and maketh his sayle of the other wing. His best meate, is venemous seede and graines, and for that cause in olde time men forbad eating of them.

And an hearbe that is called Eleborus, is Curlewes meate, and if another beast eateth it in great quantitie, it is peril∣lous and poyson: for beasts haue broad and wide veynes, by the which ye smoke passeth, and by strength of that hearbe, the heart is sodainly cooled and dead: and Curlewes haue straight veynes about the heart, and therfore venemous smoke hath no through passage, but he bideth in the stomacke, and is there defied & made subtill, and so it grieueth them not. And we call in common speach Coturnices crebros a veloci cursu, for swifte run∣ning, for he runneth vpon the earth most swiftly, And such birdes loue birdes of their owne kinde: and therefore euerie of them cry to other, and come together, as Ambrose saith.

(*Coturnix, is thought to féede on venemous séedes, and therefore not to be very wholsome.