Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the Estridge. cap. 33.

THE Estridge is called Strucio, and hath that name of a word of Gréeke, as Isidore saith. For that he hath a bodie as a beast, & fethers as a sense: and also he hath two féete, and a bill as a foule: but for weight and heauinesse of body be fli∣eth not with foules in the aire. She laieth egges as other foules do, but she neglec∣teth to brood her egges, she which egges be raken in grauel, and on•• be brought forth by heat & nourishing of the dust, as Isid. saith. And Aristotle speaketh of the Strucio, and saith, that the Strucio in ma∣king is like to a foule, and in some point he is like to a foure footed beast. For hée flieth not vp into the aire; for his wings be not couenable to flight, but in the ma∣king therof is thin, as the making of her selfe, & for he is some deale shape as a bird he hath many fethers in the neather part of the body, & hath two féete as a foule, & is cloue footed as a foure footed beast: and the cause thereof is, for by the greatnesse of his body, he is likned to a foure footed beast, and not to a foule, and is so hot, that he swalloweth and defieth and wa∣steth yron. And Auicen saith, kinde that is wise and ware in all thing, graunteth to the Strucio a propertie to lay greatest egges and hardest of shell, that being oc∣cupied about the generation of them, heat may be temperate; for if the heat should be too vehement, it shoulde be cause why he should die the sooner. Other properties of the Estridge Gre. toucheth super lob. 29. where it is sayde, that fethers of the Strucio be like in colour to the fethers of ye gentle Fawlcon, but not in vertue: the fethers haue the likenesse, but he lacketh swiftnesse of flight. He spreadeth out his wings to flie, but yet he riseth not vp frō the earth: He is clothed with thinne fe∣thers, & made heauy with a great body. And when the time is come that they shall laye egges, they heaue vp their eyes and behold the stars that be called Vir∣gilie or Pliades: for they laye no Egges but when the constellation ariseth and is séene. And about ye month of Iune, when they sée those stars, theyd digge in grauell and laye there their egges, and couer and hide them with sande. And when they haue lefte them there, they forget anone where they layed them, and come neuer againe thereto. But the grauel is chased with the heat of the Sunne, and heateth Page  188 the Egges that be hidde, and bréedeth birds therein, and bringeth them foorth: And when the shell is broke, and birdes come out, then first the mother gathereth and nourisheth them: And the birde that shée despised in the Egge, shée knoweth when it is come out of the Egge. And therefore it is sayd to Iob. Hée is made harde to his owne children, as though he were not his owne. ¶Also the E∣stridge hateth the horse by kinde, and is so contrary to the horse, that he may not sée ye horse without feare. And if an horse cōe against him, he raiseth vp his wings as it were against his enimye, and com∣pelleth the horse to flie with beating of his wings.

*Of the fethers of the Estridge, the plumage is made for Princes, and no∣bles to weare in their hats, caps, and o∣ther furniture.)