Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the Pellican chap. 29.

A Pellican is a Birde that is called Porphitio. Leui. 11. and Deut. 14. And is a Birde of Aegypt, and dwelleth in desart, beside the Riuer Nilus: and is accounted among vncleane birdes by the lawe in Leuit. And there be two manner of Pellicans: One dwelleth in water and eateth fish, and the other dwelleth on land, and loueth wildernesse, and eateth venimous beasts, as Lisardes, and other such. And all that the Pellican eateth he plungeth in water with his foote, & when he hath so plunged it in water, he put∣eth it in his mouth with his own soot, as it were with an hand. Only the Pellican and the Popiniay, among foules, vse the foote in stéed of an hand.

Also of the Pellican, the Glose speak∣eth super Psalmum, & the same Plinius saith in this manner. The Pellican lo∣ueth too much her children. For when the children bée haught, and begin to waxe hoare, they smite the father and the mo∣ther in the face, wherfore the mother smi∣teth them againe and slaieth them. And the thirde daye the mother smiteth her selfe in her side that the bloud runneth out, and sheddeth that hot bloud vppon the bodies of her children. And by vertue of the bloud the birdes that were before dead, quicken againe. And in the Glose vpon that place of the Psalme.*Factus sum sicut Pellicanus. It is sayd that the Pellican slayeth her Birdes with her bill, and maketh sorrowe thrée dayes, and then sheddeth her hot bloud vppon them, and maketh them aliue againe in yt manner. Magister Iacobus de Vitri∣aco in li. de mirabilibua orientalium re∣gionum telleth another cause of the death of Pellicanes birdes. Hée sayth, that in Aegypt is a bird yt is called Pellicanus, a Birde with greate wings, and most leane. For all that he swalloweth passeth forth anone behinde: for hée hath a right slipper gut. And therefore hée maye not holde meate till it be incorporate. And the Serpent hateth kindlye this Birde. Wherfore when the mother passeth out of the neast to get meate, the serpent cli∣meth on the trée and stingeth & infecteth the Birdes. And when she commeth a∣gayne, shée maketh sorrowe thrée dayes for her Birdes, as it is sayde. The (he sayth) shée smiteth her selfe in the breast, and bringeth bloud vppon them, and rea∣reth them from death to lyfe, and then for greate bléeding the mother waxeth féeble, and the Birdes bée compelled to passe out of the neast to gette themselues meate. And some of them for kinde loue féede the mother that is féeble: and some be vnkinde and care not for the mother, and the mother taketh good héede there∣to, & when she commeth to her strength, she nourisheth and loueth those Birdes Page  187 that fedde her at her néed, and putteth a∣way her other birdes, as vnworthye and vnkinde, and suffereth them not to dwel nor liue with her.