Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of Snowe. chap. 11.

SNowe is impression gendered of colde vapours and moyste, in the lowest parte of the middle space of the ayre frore into the bodye of a Clowde by meane coldenesse in comparison to hoare Frost: and that is because of meddeling of heate in parte. The which heate béeing closed in the sub∣staunce Page  163 thereof, and not ouercome, a∣none by colde that is thereabout, dry∣eth the substaunce thereof, and softeneth it: and taketh whitenesse in coulour be∣cause of mastrye of colde at last: And for stretching and spreading of the parts of the Clowde: And for the coldnesse that is féebled, of heat the matter is broke in broade partes, as it were splentes of shelles, and that for féeblenesse of the vertue that breaketh, as Aristotle sayth. Then Snow is gendred is a cold clowd, but not so colde as that, in the which haile is gendered: and that witnesseth the softnesse of Snowe. For heate med∣deled with Clowdes letteth the partes therof, that they may not be made thick, nor stronglye gathered together. Then Snow is more harde and dry then wa∣ter, and that is by coldnesse constraining and binding, and is softer then Haile, and that is by meddeling of heate in the wombe of the clowde: and is white by mastrye of coldnesse in the vtter parte thereof. With little heate Snowe mel∣teth into water, and it chaungeth soone both out of hardnesse and whitenesse. By abiding of Snowe vppon the lande, the lande is fatted: for by his coldnesse he closeth the pores of the earth, and so by heate gathered inward to mores and rootes of hearbs and séedes, the inner hu∣mours be drawen to moores and rootes, and gathered togethers as glewe: And therby is land fatted: and Snow slayeth and destroyeth wades, and superfluitie thereof, and nourisheth and feedeth good hearbes, and maketh them ranke. Also Snow by his presence couereth and hi∣deth stinking places and doung hilles, and waies and paths, and letteth by his spreading, way-faring men, and tarryeth them. And in the high Sea Snowe fal∣leth seldome, as Beda sayth. The cause thereof is, for fumosities and exalations thereof be continually shuft and spark∣led by winds that blow therein, and are the mowe be thicked and turned into snow, they be resolued and tourned into raine or into mist. Also Snow is noy∣full to wilde beastes: for it hideth and couereth their Leeses and pastures, and sheweth and discouereth theyr hauntes and steppes. And so in Snow time they be soone taken with hu••es. And Snow is oft in high places and mountaines. And, abideth and endureth longer time in mountaines and in hilles, then in val∣leyes and low places. For in hilles cold winds be fréely more strong then in va∣leyes. And also valleyes and low places be more hot then hills and high places. And that is for more gendering and re∣bounding of the Sunne beames. And therefore more Snow is in mountaines then in valleyes. Also Snow melted by strength of heate, moisteth and sltneth the earth: the which it maketh hard, and constraineth by constraining of coldnesse before that it is molt, as Gregory saith. Also snow for softnesse & lightnesse of his substance, maketh no sound or noyse in his falling down to the earth, but falleth priuely & softly, out of a priuy place of ye aire, & setteth himselfe vpon the earth, & spreadeth all about like. And snow with his swiftnesse and fairenesse comforteth eyen to behold therin: ••• if men behold too long, it dispearpleth and appaireth the spirit of sight. Also Snow water by his potentiall and actual coldnesse refrai∣neth and bindeth fluxe of the wombe, and smiteth, and shrinketh, and stoppeth sinewes, and in them that drinke snow water continually, it breedeth mestrual superfluitye of great botches vnder the chinne, and maketh the members aston∣ed, and as though they were a sleepe, and that soone: and it gendereth the stone in ye bladder, and feedeth forth cold dropsie, as Constantine sayth.