Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of smoke. Cap. 6.

SMoke is a vapour dissolued and de∣parted by vertue of heate, out of the most subtill partes and humoures of matter: and hath heauie parts med∣deled with lyght partes, of whome hée Page  [unnumbered] taketh darknesse and luteh. And there∣fore he maketh the aire blacke, and tur∣neth it into smoakie kinde: and smoke of the thicknesse of his matter; taketh bitternesse. And by the sharpnesse there∣of, he grieueth eyen, aside •••aheth them drop out scares, and griueth the sight notably, and pearceth and commeth in by his sharpnesse, to the braine, and grie∣ueth the spirite of féeling; and kindly spi∣rite also. And therefore in Animali∣um it is sayd, that smoke of the snuffe of a candle, grieueth females that goe with childe: insomuch that if a Marc in tra∣uayle of foalyng smelleth such a smoke, she shall soale a dead, cole. Also smoke is enemie to Bées, and grieueth Faw∣cons and other wales of praye. Also smoke dyeth soone after that he riseth, as the Glose sayth: vpon is the worde, Si∣cud virgolae fumi: for it moueth swifte∣ly vpward, and passeth awaye, and vani∣sheth hastely or sodainlye. Smoke comm∣eth of fire, and is séene ere the fire bée séene, and is moued with the winde, and disparpled, and diuersly borne about. Al∣so smoake sheweth out of what part the winde bloweth: for smoake is mooued thetherward as the winde bloweth it, as Gregory sayth. Smoke maketh the hou∣ses blacke, and infecteth them; and nou∣risheth, and gendreth soote in the roofe, & in the walls. Smoke draweth to cor∣ners and places, and printeth therein; & abideth also for a token of infection. Al∣so smoke that is resolued, and commeth of swéete smelling spicerie, pleaseth, the swit of smelling, and is good for ye braine: for it comforteth the spirits of the brest, and of the heart, & restoreth the head, and straineth and bindeth noyous run∣ning of rume, and dryeth and consumeth and wasteth and straineth such; n••••l running and openeth pores that be stop∣ped, and pearceth and commeth inward to comfort the sinewes, and driueth a∣way Adders and Serpents, & and other venemous beasts that créepe. For Ad∣uersarie Serpents hate all smoke: and namely smoke of good smelling, as Gre∣gory* saith. Also smoke that is cese hardene commeth of meate and of drinke, 〈…〉 Strength of heat commeth vp to ye braine, and stoppeth the sinewes of séelyng, and bréedeth sléepe, & bindeth the vtter wits of séelyng: and to gathereth kinde heate inward, and comforteth and helpeth the vertue in the inner partes. And if the smoke be Melancholike, or too sharp and iting, or venemous, and resolued, and ••nueth of meate or of drinke, or of oy∣full medicine, is passeth vp to the braine, and grieueth the vertue of féeling, and bréedeth dread and feare, as it fareth in Melancholike men: and awaketh fren∣sie: and woodnesse, as it doeth in them that haue Litargie, sléeping euill. Also he withdraweth wit & vse of reson, as it doth in Epitentes, that haue the fallyng euill, and bringeth in many other euill passions and oyfull to the bodye. Also in sake that is drawen vp out of ye earth or out of the sea by vertue of heate, in∣fecteth the aire, and maketh it thicke, & bréedeth clowdes and myste, and is mat∣ter of winde and of emness, and of other passions of the ayre, and withdraweth from vs the Sunne beames in the ayre, and maketh them dimme. This that is sayde of smoake is sufficient for this time.