Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the monthes. Cap. 9. Ianuarie.

A Month is called Mensis, and Men∣sis is a Nowne of Gréeke, drawen of the name of the Moone: for in the language of Gréeke, the Moone is called Mene. And among the Hebrewes law∣full months haue names of the mouing of the Moone, and not of the course of the Sun. And Aegyptians first for ye swift∣nesse of the Moone, tooke the the name of a month of the course of the sun: for the course & mouing of the sun, is lesse swift than the mouing of the Moone, and may be more easily knowen, as Isidore saith. and there be thrée manner of monthes,3 one is the month of the Sun, & dureth as long as the sun abideth in one signe, in his course, and is called Usuall, and is the space of dayes that is contained in our Martiloge & Kalendis. (*Martiloge, was a booke of all ye dedication of saints, and Englished by Richard Whicford, Priest, and brother of Syon, by Rich∣mond, a fond booke.) Another month is called the month of the Moone, & is that space, in the which the Moone passeth frō one poynt in the firmament, and com∣meth againe to the same: and containeth xxvii. dayes, & vii. houres. For the Moone abideth in euery signe two dayes, & two parts of an houre: and for he abideth in euery signe two dayes, and the signes be xii. thereof commeth xxiiii. dayes: and for he abideth in each signe sixe houres, therfore commeth thrée dayes: then these iii. dayes put to xxiiii. dayes, make xxvii. dayes, and vii. houres. Otherwise a mo∣neth of the Moone is taken for a ful lu∣nacion, which dureth from chaunge to chaunge, as it is said before hand. Looke before. Also a month cōtaineth 4. Wéeks, and a weeke seuen naturall dayes, and a day foure quadrants, & a quadrant cen∣taineth sixe houres, and an houre foure poynst, and a poynt x. moments, & a mo∣ment twelue ounces, and an ounce seuen and fortie Attomos, and Attomus is no farther departed for his shortnesse. And months vsuall be twelue, of the which the first is called Ianuarie, & hath that name of a God fained, that is called la∣nus: for to him that month was hallow∣ed. And now that month is called la∣nuarius, for he is bond & gate of ye yere: and he is painted with two frontes, to shew and to teach the beginning & ende of the yeare, as Isid. saith, & he is painted eating, & drinking, wt a cup, for that time beasts néed great plentie of meate, for their appetite is strong, most because of entring of heate to the inner parts. And this mōth hath lōg nights of xvi. houres, & short daies of 8. houres. (*Ianus, some suppose to be Saturne, some to be Iaphet, one of ye sons of No. Ianus was also a place in Rome, whether vsurers resorted, as at Paules church in London, a place most vnreuerently vsed. Ianus was figu∣red double faced, signifieng constancie, and diligence.

Page  146He was King of Italy, so named of Ica∣lus, from whome proceeded the name of the Countrey now called Italy.