Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Summer. ca. 6.

SUmmer is hot and drye, and begin∣neth when the Sunne is in the first part of the signe that is called Cancer: and then the Sunne is most high aboue vs, and beginneth to passe downe lyttle and lyttle, euen to the ende of the signe, that is called Virgo, and Summer hath three months right as springing time, as Constantine saith. The first month be∣longeth to the signe that is called Can∣cer, and lasteth from the xvii, daye of Iune, to the eighteenth day of Iuly. The second, when the Iunne is in Leone, and dureth from the xviii day of Iuly, to the xvii day of August. The third beginneth when the sunne commeth into the signe that is called Virgo and dureth from the xvii daye of August, to the xviii. daye of September, as Constantine saith. Then Summer is hot & drye, & bréedeth Cho∣lerum. For in Summer the suns course is highest, and most straight ouer our heads, and printethful strong workings in our bodyes, lyke as he doth in the neather thinges. Therefore he dissol∣ueth and wasteth superfluityes that hee gathered in Winter. And if Summer passe his temperatenesse in wether, then Page  [unnumbered] ofte he gendereth hot sicknesse and drye, as Constantine saith. Then the sunne maketh the dayes long, and the nightes short, and ripeth fruite and flowers. For then by his great heate, he maketh dige∣stion of humours in fruite, and tourneth them with good digestion, and incorpo∣reth and ioyneth them to the fruite, and fordrieth & wasteth superfluities at full, and so he maketh caues and pits in the earth. For by his heate he wasteth and dryeth the moyst parts, and by his dry∣nesse he wringeth and ioyneth togethers the carthie partes, and he openeth and chinketh the earth: for when the wa∣trie parts, that be cause of ioyning toge∣thers of parts, be wasted and dryed, then it néedeth, that onepart be departed from another, and so be made clifts and chins in parts of the earth. And so Summer drieth marreises and moores, and wast∣eth moysture, and maketh them rough and hard, and clinkerie, and full of pits and hoales. And the working of Sum∣mer by subtiltie of heate, commeth into the hollow parts of beasts, and dryeth & wasteth humours, that be betwéene the skinne and the flesh, and all to sheddeth them, and maketh beasts swifte, and so he destroyeth and wasteth superfluitie. Also by opening of pores, spirites passe out by exhalations, & substantiall moy∣sture, and by vapours: and therfore ver∣tues be féebled, and also made faint, of his either qualities, and so commeth ex∣citing and beginning of Cholera. And therefore he bréedeth hot feauers. Sum∣mer féedeth Bees that gather hony, with his flowers. Also by night be bréedeth deawe and moysture, and springeth ther with grasse and hearbes, that he fordrye them not by heate of the daye In Sum∣mer time fowles sing and make most melodie: and to bréede birdes, namelye wilde fowles be comforted. Shadow of things be shorte in the middle of the Summer.