Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Springing time. Ca. 5.

SPringing time is ye beginning of the yeare, that beginneth when the sunne is in the first parte of the signe that is called Aries: and beginneth to passe vp∣ward, toward the North by a right line, as Constantine saith In Pantegni libro quinto, capitulo tercio. And a right line is that that longeth not to the North, nor the South, but is like farre from either Pole, and springing time dureth vntill the ende of the signe that is called Gemini, as long as the sun passeth thrée signes, of the which, each hath his owne month, that pertaineth to springing time. The first month belongeth to the signe that is called Aries, and beginneth from the eight daye of March, and dureth to the seauenth daye of Aprill. The second month pertaineth to the signe that is cal∣led Taurus, and lasteth and dureth from the seuenth daye of Aprill, to the eigh∣téenth daye of Maye. The third belong∣eth to the signe that is called Gemini, & lasteth from the eightéenth daye of May, to the seuentéeth daye of Iune. And springing time is betweene hot & colde, most temperate betwéene Winter and Summer, meane in qualytie: and part∣neth with either of them in qualitie, for then bloud beginneth to multiply in bo∣dyes of beastes: and humours that were bound and made thick in Winter, begin to moue and to be dissolued by heate of springing time. Also springing time in qualyties is temperate, and most health∣full, and least grieuous and sicklye, as Page  144Constantine saith and Galen also. For in these two qualities kinde hath liking. For heate is cause effectiue, working, nourishing and increasing, and the meture is cause materiall: and therefore in springing time bloud is most gende∣red, that is most néedfull to nourishing of the body. If springing time passe his owne kinde, it bréedeth many sicknesses and euills. Therefore it is sayde in A∣phor. If the winter be drye, and spring∣ing time and Haruest moyst and rainge, then néedes in Summer be bredde fea∣uers, blearinesse of eyen, and flixe: name∣ly of them that be moyst of kinde, as the Commentour saith. In winter daye humours, by coldnesse be with-held and made sharpe: and in springing time, that is distempered in coldnesse and in moy∣sture, many superfluities be bred and re∣solued, and shed by heate. For in Sum∣mer, for heat is not mightie to wast such humors and superfluities, it rotteth, and so bréedeth feuers, ague, and many other euills. And if Winter be hot and moyst, and springing time colde and dry, néeds men were sicke in Summer, & women that goe with childe, bring foorth & haue dead borne children: whereof Galen in Commento telleth the cause, & sayth: that when the bodies of women, that goe with child, in winter be hot & moyst, than they be tender, wany, and not sad. Therefore colde ayre of springing time, commeth sodainly into the inner partes of a woman, and grieueth and hurteth the childe. For by coldnesse and drinesse that be flaieng qualities, the childe is slaine, and the child so slaine, gréeueth the strings and breaketh them, and so néeds the woman hath a dead borne child. Al∣so springing time openeth the earth, that hath bene long closed and bounde with colde, and bringeth forth mores, rootes, & hearbes, that were hidde in the earth, and hyghteth the Earth, and renew∣eth it with floures and hearbs, and ex∣citeth birdes and fowles to hetering & to loue 〈…〉 clotheth and hightesh all the ouer part of the earth, with a wonder∣full 〈…〉. Therefore springing time is called Ver, and hath that 〈…〉 of Vi∣ror or s Vigore, yt is to understand of greatnesse, or of vertue: for then hearbs and trées beginne to spring and to rere gréene, with bin genings and twigges. Springing time is the time of gladnesse and of loue: for in springing time, all thing séemeth glad, for the earth wexeth greene, trees burgen and spred, medowes bring forth floures, heauen shineth, the sea resteth and is quiet, fowles sing and make their neasts, and all thing that sée∣med dead in winter and wittered, be re∣newed in Springing time. Therefore Marcianus calleth ye cléerenes of ye aire in springing time, Iupiters lauhing: & water in springing time is vnwhole∣some to drinke, for it is made great and thicke with vapors, that be resolued and shed, also it is infected with frogges and other wormes that then bréede: and ther∣fore if it be néedfull to drinke water that time, Constantine counsaileth to séeth it first, that it may be cleansed & purged by boyling.