Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the yeare solate and Equi∣noctiall Cap. 3.

AS Isidore saith, & yeare is the full course, and passing, & winding about of the Sunne, when he commeth againe to his owne place, in CCC lx v dayes, & a quadrant, that is sixe houres. And a yeare is called Annus, & hath that name for it commeth about, as months come a∣bout therein: and therefore a yeare hath that name Annus, of An, that is abouts, as it were a circle that commeth againe into it selfe, and is renewed. Therefore among the Aegyptians, before that let∣ters were found, the yeare was betoke∣ned by a Dragon painted, biting his owne tayle, and comming againe into it selfe. As Isidore sayeth, there be diue •• yeares: for the yeare of the Moone is lesse then the Sunne by xi. dayes: and the yeare of of the Sunne hath twel••e monthes, and each planet hath his yere, in the which he full endeth his course: as Mars in two yere, Iupiter in twelue, and Saturnus in thirtie. And there is a great yeare, that is called Annus mon∣danus, and that yeare is (as Arist. saith) when all the starres come to their owne first place and poynt that they were made in. And (as Arist. saith) This yeare com∣meth about in xxxvi. M yere, as it is said in libro de proprietatibus elementorū. And Plato and his sutors tell, that this yeare commeth about in fiftéene thou∣sand yere, as Macrobius saith, in li. Ci∣ceronis. And some yeare is called Usu∣all, as is the yeare of the Sunne, & con∣tayneth foure times, Winter, Springing time, Summer, and Haruest: and are called times in their qualyties, because they temper each other, as Isido. sayeth. And they be called Curricula, for they runne and come each after other, & abide neuer in no state, as Isid. sayth. In these foure Times of the yeare, commeth twise Solstitia, stinting of the Sunne in Winter and in Summer: and twice Equinoctia, euennes of day and of night in Ver and in Haruest, Solsticium is the most euenesse of daye and night: and commeth when the sunne entreth in∣to the signes that are called Cancer in Summer, and in Caprirorno in Win∣ter: and is called Solsticium, as it were stinting of the sunne, and that for dou∣ble cause, either in Summer or in win∣ter, for length of dayes and nightes, it séemeth that the Sunne stinteth and a∣bideth in Summer, aboue our dwellyng place: for in either stinting, it séemeth that they stint and abide. For in Sum∣mer it séemeth that the Sun may come no néerer vs than he doth: and in win∣ter it seemeth he maye passe no farther from vs then he doth. Equinostium is most euennesse of the daye and night ar∣tificiall, and falleth when the Sun com∣meth into the signe that is called Aries, or into the signe that is called Libra: the first is in Springing time, and the se∣cond in Haruest.

I omit the rehersal of fasting daies,*because they were supersticiously tear∣med, Triaduan.

Also the yeare of the Sunne is the common yeare, & beginneth in Ianuary, and endeth in December, & in the space, in the which the Sun goeth about in the signe that is called Zodiacus, thrée hun∣dred dayes, thrée score and fiue, & a qua∣drant, and sixe houres: and is the fourth deale of a naturall daye. And these sixe houres be accounted in common yeares, and gathered in the Bisexte. And the Bi∣sexte is gathering of eightéene houres, which commeth in three yeares, with Page  143 sixe houres of the fourth yeare, to make a full daye of foure and twentie houres. And the yeare Bisextilis, hath that name of the gathering thereof, as Beda saith: & is called Bisextus, for every yere, when it falleth in Februarie, the sixt Kalen∣dis is twice accounted. Or els it is cal∣led Bisextus, for that day is gathered of Bisse momentis. For of thirtie momēts in the which the Sunne abideth in each signe passing thirtie dayes, and of thir∣tie trienties be gathered sixe houres in a yeare: and so in thrée yeares be gathe∣red eightéene houres, and in foure yeare sixe houres, and these houres put toge∣ther in the fourth yeare, maketh a daye, that is called Bisextilis, as Beda sayeth. But héereof looke in the Compost.