Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the circle Galaxia. Chap. 8.

GAlaxias is a circle of heauen, and is more faire and bright then other cir∣cles of heauen, and passeth by the mid∣dle of heauen, and beginneth from ye East and passeth to the North by these signes, which are called Cancer & Capricornus, and turneth againe to his owne point. And this circle is called the milky circle: For among all circles of heauen, that circle is most bright and cléere, and most notable. And therefore by night ir ruleth and leadeth ship-men, and waye-faring men. And the more cléere the weather is by night & cold, the better is the percei∣uing of this circle. By the opinion of the common people, the circle Galaxias is ye vore of the passing of the Sun, that the Sun leaueth after him when he passeth in that circle. But Aristotle sayth yt this is false. For if Galaxias were of the im∣printing of the passage of the Sun, then must this printing be in the signes, in the which the Sunne passeth with other moueable starres. And we sée that this is false. For it passeth the boundes of the circles, which are called Zodiacus, wher the Sunne commeth not nigh: as it is sayde in Libro Meth. Therefore A∣naxagoras and Democritus sayde, that Galaxias is of reflection and reboun∣ding of light towarde the ayre, as it were in a mirrour. But this is false, as Aristotle sayth. Therefore if it were so, Galaxias shoulde chaunge place, as the lyght chaungeth, and this is false. For wée see, that Galaxias is alway in one place, and passeth not thence Ther∣fore Aristotle sayth in this manner.

Fire, which is nigh to the roundnesse of heauen, is shining and bright. And in the place where Galaxias is séene, bée many small starres and bright, and in those starres shineth that brightnesse. And therefore that place séemeth most bright with beames of light, and passeth not out of one place of the roundnesse of heauen. Huc vsque Aristoteles liber. pr. Methreorum. cap. 2.