Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the sphere of heauen. Cap. 6.

*THe sphere of heauen as Isido. sayth, is a certaine kinde shapen all round, and moueth all round about the middle thereof in euen space of times, from one poynt to the same. Philosophers tell, that this sphere hath neither end nor be∣ginning: and therefore because of the mouing about thereof, it is not soone knowen, where it beginneth, and where it endeth, and no shape is so according to heauen, as the shape of a sphere, both for the simplicitie therof, and for contei∣ning and receiuing, and also for likenes and accord, as Isido saith. Also Alphra∣g••as sayth, that the sphere is the round vttermost part of the heauenly body, in the which the fired starres be contay∣ned. And this sphere goeth about vppon two Poles, the one thereof is by North, and goeth neuer downe to vs, and is called Polus Articus, the North pole: the other is Polus Antarticus, that is, the South pole, and is neuer seene of vs: and that is, because it is farre from vs, or els because the earth is betweene vs and it. Betweene these two Poles, as it were betweene two endes of ye world, the sphere of heuen moueth and turneth round about, and with the mouing ther of, the starres that be pight therein, are borne & rauished about,* out of the East into the West, and againe out of the West into the East, in mouing of a day and a night, in the space of soure & twen∣tie houres And the sphere of heuen mo∣ueth about with so great swiftnes, that but if the Planets met, and letted the swifte mouing thereof, and made it mo∣derate: the shape of the world shoulde fall. And therefore as Alphraganus saith, the seauen roundnesse of Planets, be vnder the sphere, euery one meeting and crossing other. By the which round∣nesse, the Planets passe with couenable meeting, and meete and come against the ramishing of the stemament, and with∣standeth and tarieth the swistnes there∣of. And all the body of the sphere, moo∣ueth a slont about the middle, that is a∣bout the lyne that is named Axis, and Axis is a certaine line vnderstoode, that stretcheth straight by the midle of a bal, or of an other thing from one Pole to a∣nother: by such a line vnderstood in he∣uen, the roundnes of heuen moueth as a whéele moueth about the axitree. The endes of this line that is named Axis, be called Cardinales coeli, and be pight in the foresaid poles, and are called Car∣dinales, because they moue about ye hol∣lownesse of the Poles, as the sharpe cor∣ner of a doore moueth in the herre. And those Cardinales be hollowe and crooked inward, as Isid. saith. And halfe ye sphere is called Emisperium, that is, the parte which is all seene of vs, and for desaulte of our sight. It séemeth that it toucheth the earth: and the Circle, to the which the sight stretcheth and endeth, is called Orizon, as it were the end of the sight, as sayth Isid. Then knowe thou heereof shortly, that the sphere of heauen is a bright substance, and shineth euen to the middle thereof, that is to the earth, and the roundnesse thereof is most farre from the middle poynt of the earth: and ther∣fore the substance of these things which be full great in heauen, seeme full little to our sight: and that is for they be far off. And this sphere containeth all the nether things, and ordaineth and infor∣meth them all, and is cause effectiue of generation and of liuing, and rauisheth and draweth to it selfe contrary things: for by violence of his mouing, it draw∣eth after him the Planets, which mette with him, and passeth forth with harmo∣nie & accord. For Ari. saith in li. de pro∣prietacibus Elementorū, of ordinate mo∣uing of the sphere, and of the contrarye meeting of Planets, in the worlde com∣meth harmonie and accord.

Page  [unnumbered]And so Macrobius saith: in putting & mouing of the roundnesse of heauen, is that noyse made, and tempereth sharpe noyse with lowe noyse, and maketh di∣uers accordes and melodie: but for the default of our hearing, and also for pas∣sing measure of that noyse and melodie, this harmony and accord is not heard of vs. In likewise as we may not perceiue and see the Sunne moue though he moue, for the cleerenesse of beames ouercom∣meth the sharpnesse of our sight.