Of Arcthurus. Chap. 35.
ARcthurus is a signe made of seuen starres, set in the line that is called Axis, and goeth about in himselfe, as Isidore sayth. The circle of these seuen starres, for it goeth about as a waine, is called among Latines, Septentrio, & Septentriones also. And is commonlye called in English Charlemaines waine,* and he goeth not downe: for that these seauen stars be full night to the pole, that is the highest starre. And the same circle is called Artophilax: for that it follow∣eth a signe that is called Visa: Olde men called the same circle sometime Boetem: for that it is nigh the signe that is named the waine, and is signe that many men behold, & is arated with many stars: a∣mong yt which is the signe Arcthurus, ytPage 137 is properlye a Starre sette behinde the taile of the signe that is called Visa ma∣ior, the more Beare. And therefore all that constellation Arcthurus, hath that name of that starre, as Isidore saith, and hath worthely that name Arcthurus of Artando, binding & knitting. For of the first part thereof cold ariseth, by reason it is farre from the heate of the Sun, & by cold the holes and pores of the earth bee constrained, bound, and stopped. And the seauen starres appeare with beames of light, and or bright forme and shape. Of which foure, the first bée ordeined, as it were a quadrangle, with foure sides, each against other. And the thrée that followe bée disposed as it were halfe a circle, and they bée set vnder the pole, about the line that is called Axis. And therefore alwaye they winde rounde a∣bout the pole, as it were about the mid∣dle point, as Gregorie saith. Always these starres winde and tourne round a∣bout that lyne that is called Axis, as a Beare doth about a stake. And therefore that circle is called the more Beare, as Macrobius saith. Alway this circle win∣deth round about, and goeth neuer down out of sight, as Gregorye sayth. When thrée starres goe vpwarde, foure goe downewarde. And againeward. When foure goe vpwarde, three goe downe∣warde, as Gregorie sayth. Among all the high circles, the circle of Arcthurus is highest. For it is next to the Pole, and sheweth him most to mennee sight, and is séene euery time of the night, but if it happen, that it be let by mistres, or clowdes set betwéene him and the sight. Among the middle starres of Arcthos, falleth downe as it were a Dragon, or a flying starre in lyknesse of lightning: and ••••d Draco, as Marcianus saith. a••••••teth in his comming with spran∣cling b••ur••s, namelye in Winter, and betokeneth and signifieth stronge frost on water, and on earth, as Marcianus sayth.