Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Venus. Cap. 26.

VEnus (* the Goddesse of lasciuiousnes and wanton lust: by the which is signified, vncleanly copulation, she came of the kindred from Saturne. Loe, of what antiquitie is whoredome among the Pagan Gentiles, and still maintai∣ned, of those, that should be Christians, specially forbidden by God in the 20. of Exodus.)

Venus, that is called Lucifer al∣so, as Misael sayeth, is a goodly Plan∣net, female, and a night Planet in his qualyties, in heate and moysture tem∣perate. This Planet onely passeth the Circle, that is called Zodiacus, in two parts, as Beda saith, and is named Ve∣nus, for men saye, by his qualytie hot & moyst, he exciteth to loue of lecherie, as Isid. saith. Alway he is nigh the Sunne, and goeth before him, and then he is called Lucifer, a daye starre: another time he followeth the Sunne, and then he is called Vosper, an Euening starre, as Beda saith, he hath colour white & shining, as Electrom, that is mettal, that is most white and bright, as Marcianus saith: for among all starres, Venus shi∣neth most comfortably and whitely.

And therefore he is called cléerenesse: for he sendeth from himselfe cléere beames of lyght: and therefore he maketh sha∣dowe when the weather is faire and cléere.

He goeth before the day and Sunne, Page  131 and warneth that the daye commeth a∣none, and the Sunne rising. When hée is in the same signe with the Sunne, he is hid with the cleerenesse of the Sunne, and then he is not séene, When Venus is higher than Mercurius, then he is slowe in mouing, and againward, when he is lower than Mercurius, he is slow∣er, as Marcianus saith. In thrée Semi∣toni, Venus runneth to the sunne, and abateth his mallice, as Ptholomeus saith.

In mans bodye he disposeth to faire∣nesse, volupt and lyking, in touch & fée∣ling, in smell and taast, and in song: and therefore he maketh singers, louers of musicke, and makers of confections of spicerie and spicers, goldsmithes, & tay∣lours to shape womens cloathing, as Misael sayth. And Ptholomeus sayeth, that vnder Venus be these signes, libra and Taurus, and be his houses, and hée reigneth in Piscibus, and in Virgine his kingdome faileth and passeth. Under him is contained loue, friendship, and pilgri∣mages: and betokeneth winning, ioye, and blisse, and he is true, and he abideth in euery signe nine and twentie dayes, & full endeth his course, in CCC .xlviii. dayes.